Thesis ID: CBB971642341

Android Linguistics: How Machines Do Things with Words (2021)

unapi

Hansen, Mark B. N. (Advisor)
Evan Donahue (Author)


Hansen, Mark B. N.
Duke University
Publication date: 2021
Language: English


Publication Date: 2021
Physical Details: 342

The field of artificial intelligence (AI) was founded on the conviction that in order to make computers more advanced, it was necessary to build them to be more human. Adopting the human form as the blueprint for computer systems allowed AI researchers to imagine and construct computer systems capable of feats otherwise unimaginable for machines. As the institutions and professional boundaries of the field have evolved over the past 70 years, they have at times obscured the figure of the human at the heart of AI work. However, in moments of heightened optimism, when researchers permit themselves to speculate on the fantastic futures AI technologies will one day enable, it is inevitably to this figure that the field returns, forever striving to resolve that originary question of just what is the nature of this human intelligence the field has so long pursued? In this dissertation, I trace the emergence of the figure of the human at the center of AI work. I argue that the human at the center of the imaginary of AI is rooted in a deeper impulse---that of envisioning not machines that think, but machines that speak. It is language that most fundamentally defines the original ambition of AI work and the inability to conceptualize language apart from the human that draws the field inevitably back to this figure. With language properly at the center of its project, AI becomes a study not of the physical world but of the narrative universe, not of the biological human being but of literary character, not of machinic intelligence but of machinic personhood. Drawing on the history of AI's entanglements with language, I argue for a reconceptualization of the project of AI around a vision of language not as an encoding of solitary thought but as a collection of shifting social practices that allow human and non-human intelligences to navigate their shared worlds despite their irreducibly alien cognitive realities. Such a reorientation, I contend, makes room for a broader vision of AI work that joins critical and technical practices in the shared project of grappling with the question of what it means to be human.

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Authors & Contributors
Bowman, Diana M.
Cavallaro, Alessio
Dick, Stephanie
Dourish, Paul
Irani, Lilly
Jonson, Annemarie
Journals
IEEE Technology and Society Magazine
Interdisciplinary Science Reviews
Laboratorio dell'ISPF
Isis: International Review Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences
Science, Technology, and Human Values
Publishers
MIT Press
Carocci Editore
Columbia University Press
Oxford University Press
Rutgers University Press
Springer-Verlag
Concepts
Human-machine interaction
Technology and society
Artificial intelligence
Computers and computing
Technology and ethics
Machine learning
Time Periods
21st century
20th century
20th century, late
Places
United States
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