Thesis ID: CBB958446802

Materials of Science in Norman Sicily: Translation, Transmission, and Trade in the Central Mediterranean Corridor (2022)

unapi

Kosto, Adam (Advisor)
Reich, Robin S. (Author)


Kosto, Adam
Columbia University
Publication date: 2022
Language: English


Publication Date: 2022
Physical Details: 401

This work aims to offer a new methodological approach to intellectual exchange in the medieval Mediterranean. In the absence of abundant textual evidence, this work explores the transmission of scientific knowledge from Greek and Arabic into Latin during the eleventh and twelfth centuries through direct textual translation as well as unwritten, typically material, exchanges. It approaches the so-called twelfth-century translation movement of Greek and Arabic science into Latin in three parts, which each touch on a different branch of medieval science that was transmitted into Latin through medieval Sicily. The first part examines paratextual diagrams in medieval manuscripts of the Classical work on mathematics and astronomy, Ptolemy’s Almagest. Working across Latin, Arabic, and Greek, it traces a different route for the transmission of the mathematical diagrams than for the translation of the text itself. In the second part, it moves away from direct translation, turning to the production of Latin pharmaceutical manuals that lack a direct antecedent in another language. For one of these, Circa instans of Matthaeus Platearius, it first considers on both a holistic and granular scale how the Latin text drew on influences in Greek and Arabic that would have been available in Sicily in the twelfth century. This comparison suggests that some information about pharmacology was transmitted orally or experientially. The next section compares the individual substances included in Circa Instans to Latin and Judaeo-Arabic trade records for Sicily during that period, in order to determine whether and how information about these goods as medicines could have moved through trade, which otherwise considered them to be supplemental materials for the textile industry. The third part is focused on copper, one of the materials mentioned in both pharmaceutical manuals and trade records, which also has a significant presence in extant objects from Norman Sicily. By systematically surveying these extant objects, as well as the treatment of copper in alchemical manuals from the period, this work considers the different information that was conveyed through the material presentation of copper than through its treatment in alchemical treatises. In these analyses, this work demonstrates that a study of medieval science can benefit from: considering a broad range of sources, both in language and medium; navigating carefully through assertions of what the knowledge being transmitted constituted; and reevaluating assumptions about the role that textual translation played in transmitting knowledge of science.

...More
Citation URI
data.isiscb.org/p/isis/citation/CBB958446802

This citation is part of the Isis database.

Similar Citations

Chapter Lemay, Helen Rodnite; (2011)
The Science of the Stars in William of Conches' Glosae Super Macrobium (/p/isis/citation/CBB001252666/) unapi

Book Andrew Edmund Goble; Hauko Wakabayashi; Kenneth R. Robinson; (2009)
Tools of Culture: Japan's Cultural, Intellectual, Medical, and Technological Contacts in East Asia, (/p/isis/citation/CBB137867493/) unapi

Book Starr, S. Frederick; (2013)
Lost Enlightenment: Central Asia's Golden Age from the Arab Conquest to Tamerlane (/p/isis/citation/CBB001202092/) unapi

Book Khayyam, Omar; Khalil, Roshdi; Deeb, Waleed; (2009)
An essay by the Uniquely Wise 'Abel Fath Omar Bin Al-Khayyam on Algebra and Equations: Algebra Wa Al-Muqabala (/p/isis/citation/CBB001450699/) unapi

Chapter Black, Winston; (2012)
“I will add what the Arab once taught”: Constantine the African in Northern European Medical Verse (/p/isis/citation/CBB001252654/) unapi

Article Alexandre M. Roberts; (2022)
Byzantine Engagement with Islamicate Alchemy (/p/isis/citation/CBB396204226/) unapi

Article Obrist, Barbara; (2009)
William of Conches, Māshā'Allāh, and Twelfth-Century Cosmology (/p/isis/citation/CBB001200452/) unapi

Chapter Jean-Patrice Boudet; (2016)
Les comètes dans le Centiloquium et le De cometis du pseudo-Ptolémée (/p/isis/citation/CBB678022467/) unapi

Article Paris, Harry S.; Amar, Zohar; Lev, Efraim; (2012)
Medieval History of the Duda'im Melon (Cucumis melo, Cucurbitaceae) (/p/isis/citation/CBB001320676/) unapi

Book Patrizia Mainoni; Nicola Lorenzo Barile; (2020)
Comparing Two Italies: Civic Tradition, Trade Networks, Family Relationships between the Italy of Communes and the Kingdom of Sicily (/p/isis/citation/CBB201312290/) unapi

Chapter Rafael Ramón Guerrero; (2012)
De Bagdad a Córdoba. Sobre las fuentes de la lógica de Ibn Hazm (/p/isis/citation/CBB230864215/) unapi

Chapter Mohammad Al-Houjairi; (2012)
Sur le théorème de Ménélaüs et ses applications dans les Sphériques de l'Istikmāl d'Ibn Hūd (/p/isis/citation/CBB755088614/) unapi

Chapter Iolanda Ventura; (2012)
Il Dioscorides alphabeticus: un esempio di farmacopea arabo-latina? (/p/isis/citation/CBB685656570/) unapi

Book Bettina Dietz; (2017)
Das System der Natur: Die Kollaborative Wissenskultur der Botanik im 18. Jahrhundert (/p/isis/citation/CBB069147171/) unapi

Book Edward Dallam Melillo; (2015)
Strangers on Familiar Soil: Rediscovering the Chile-California Connection (/p/isis/citation/CBB090202083/) unapi

Authors & Contributors
Al-Houjairi, Mohamad
Amar, Zohar
Black, Winston E.
Boudet, Jean-Patrice
Deeb, Waleed
Dietz, Bettina
Journals
Archives d'Histoire Doctrinale et Littéraire du Moyen Âge
Economic Botany
Isis: International Review Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences
Publishers
Edizioni Cadmo
Association for Asian Studies
Böhlau Verlag
Brepols
Brill
Garnet
Concepts
Transmission of ideas
Arab/Islamic world, civilization and culture
Translations
Transmission of texts
Cross-cultural interaction; cultural influence
Medicine
People
Guillaume de Conches
al-Khayyam, Ghiyath al-Din Abul Fateh Omar Ibn Ibrahim
Aristotle
Avicenna
Dioscorides, Pedanios
Linné, Carl von
Time Periods
11th century
Medieval
12th century
10th century
13th century
14th century
Places
Mediterranean region
Europe
Andalusia (Spain)
Italy
Chile
Persia (Iran)
Comments

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment