Article ID: CBB957907380

Scotland's first farmers: new insights into early farming practices in North-west Europe (2022)


Thirty years after the discovery of an Early Neolithic timber hall at Balbridie in Scotland was reported in Antiquity, new analysis of the site's archaeobotanical assemblage, featuring 20 000 cereal grains preserved when the building burnt down in the early fourth millennium BC, provides new insights into early farming practices. The results of stable isotope analyses of cereals from Balbridie, alongside archaeobotanical and stable isotope results from three other sites, indicate that while cereals were successfully cultivated in well-established plots without manuring at Balbridie, a variety of manuring strategies was implemented at the other sites. These differences reinforce the picture of variability in cultivation practices across Neolithic North-west Europe.

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Authors & Contributors
Brassley, Paul
Elton, Hugh
Huston, James L.
Riney-Kehrberg, Pamela
Sutter, Paul S.
Wilshusen, Richard H.
Agricultural History
Environment and History
International Journal of African Historical Studies
Social Science History
Human Ecology: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Boydell Press
Johns Hopkins University Press
Louisiana State University Press
Minnesota Historical Society Press
Princeton University Press
Rowman & Littlefield
Climate and climatology
Environmental history
Time Periods
20th century
20th century, early
21st century
19th century
20th century, late
United States
Southern states (U.S.)
California (U.S.)
Wisconsin (U.S.)

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