Article ID: CBB926477128

A Differential Association Theory of Socialization to Commercialist Career Paths in Science (2020)

unapi

Drawing on sixty-one in-depth interviews conducted with commercial and noncommercial scientists at four universities in the United States, this paper examines why academic scientists embrace commercially oriented career paths in higher education. A central goal of this paper is to expand our descriptive and conceptual understanding of socialization in the academic profession by examining the explanatory power of differential association theory. Differential association theory emphasizes how patterns of behavior are learned through a process of interaction with different types of individuals with varying ideas about the acceptability of a particular course of action. The results demonstrate that socialization to commercialism is an interactive learning process in which scientists learn definitions that are favorable to commercial career trajectories. Such learning is often necessary because prior socialization can either lead to unfavorable views of commercialization or shelter doctoral students from techniques of and rationales for commercialization.

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Authors & Contributors
Allgaier, Joachim
Carrier, Martin
Castle, David
Collins, Harry M.
Downey, Greg
Dudo, Anthony
Journals
Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society
Social Studies of Science
Engineering Studies
Science and Education
Science Communication
Pharmacy in History
Publishers
Donzelli
Imperial College Press
University of California Press
Dongfang chubanshe
Concepts
Interviews
Scientists
Science and economics
Commercialization
Science and technology studies (STS)
Professional socialization
People
Daston, Lorraine J.
Galison, Peter
Kant, Immanuel
Time Periods
21st century
20th century
19th century
20th century, late
Places
Great Britain
United States
China
Latin America
Portugal
Institutions
Chinese Academy of Sciences
University of Wisconsin at Madison
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