Thesis ID: CBB923623966

The Power Of Science: Origins Of American Scholarly Communication, 1840 – 1900 (2019)

unapi

Martin, Shawn (Author)
Walsh, John (Advisor)


Indiana University
Walsh, John
Publication date: 2019
Language: English


Publication Date: 2019
Physical Details: 226

This dissertation proposes to answer several questions that arise from the actions of American scientists between 1840 and 1900. How did the broader organization of science in the late nineteenth century create a system of professional disciplines? Why did the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) form, and why did specialized societies like the American Chemical Society (ACS) later found an organization separate from the AAAS? Why did these professional societies create journals, and how did these journals help to communicate science? Often, scholars of scholarly communication will either use quantitative methods such as bibliometrics and scientometrics on individual academic journals, or, they will employ historical and sociological methods to answer broader questions about social trends in American science. This dissertation will combine these methods within the context of nineteenth-century American science and will utilize both quantitative textual analysis methods and qualitative historical and sociological analysis. It is hoped that by broadening the methods used, and by better understanding the early deliberations of scientists before there was a formal scholarly communication system, it may be possible to contextualize current debates about the need for changes in scholarly communication.

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Authors & Contributors
Anderson, Robert G. W.
Ausejo Martínez, Elena
Bont, Raf de
Burkhardt, Frederick
Cunningham, Clifford J.
Darwin, Charles Robert
Journals
Archives of Natural History
Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte
Bulletin for the History of Chemistry
Environment and History
History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
History of Science
Publishers
University of Pittsburgh Press
Cambridge University Press
Nordic Academic Press
Pickering & Chatto
Springer
University of Chicago Press
Concepts
Communication within scientific contexts
Correspondence and corresponding
Communication of scientific ideas
Discipline formation
Periodicals; serials
Natural history
People
Babbage, Charles
Brewster, David
Cuvier, Frédéric Georges
Darwin, Charles Robert
Ganot, Pierre Benjamin Adolphe
Kant, Immanuel
Time Periods
19th century
20th century
21st century
18th century
Gilded Age (1870s-1900)
Places
Great Britain
United States
Americas
Taiwan
Asia
Europe
Institutions
American Astronomical Society
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