Article ID: CBB891805891

The Materiality of Odors: Experiencing Church Burials and the Urban Environment in Early Modern Northern Sweden (2021)

unapi

Titta Kallio-Seppä (Author)
Annemari Tranberg (Author)


Historical Archaeology
Volume: 55
Issue: 1
Pages: 65-81
Publication date: 2021
Language: English


Publication Date: 2021
Edition Details: hematic Collection: Historical Burials in Europe: Natural Mummification, Burial Customs, and Ethical Challenges

Archaeological material from early modern Sweden reveals that material and social meaning was intertwined in townscape odors; that is, odors and their association with unhygienic conditions affected the physical structure of the town, its material culture, and different traditions in the use of “townspace.” During the latter half of the 18th century, the town of Oulu suffered from unpleasant smells related to ponds and wet areas, and the odor of decomposing flesh from under-floor church burials greeted church visitors, despite the tradition of placing fragrant plants inside coffins. In the 18th century the town underwent deliberate changes: the ponds were drained and filled, burials under the church floor were prohibited, and one of the first graveyards located outside the town and separate from the church was constructed. These actions to change the town’s “smellscape” reflect emergent notions of regularity and cleanliness related to the Age of Enlightenment.

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Authors & Contributors
Chartier, Roger
Lanska, Douglas J.
Reinarz, Jonathan
Schäfer, Daniel
Sherman, Claire Richter
Smith, Mark M.
Journals
Historical Archaeology
International Journal of Historical Archaeology
Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
Publishers
University of South Carolina
Cambridge University Press
Ashgate
Franco Angeli
Oxford University Press
Polity Press
Concepts
Memory
Historical archaeology
Smell; olfactory perception
Material culture
Science and politics
Science and religion
People
Descartes, René
Donne, John
Kalm, Pehr
Linnaeus, Carolus
Dosso Dossi
Time Periods
Early modern
19th century
17th century
Medieval
16th century
18th century
Places
Europe
Finland
New England (U.S.)
Great Britain
Central Europe
Poland
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