Article ID: CBB843306031

Medieval Pilgrimage as Heterotopia: The Pilgrim as Maritime Adventurer and Aspiring Crusader in Saewulf’s Relatio de situ Jerusalem (2020)


Saewulf’s Relatio de situ Jerusalem is one of the most significant yet understudied pilgrim texts of the twelfth century. Documenting the Jerusalem-bound traveler’s adventures through the medieval Mediterranean, the text is the first extant pilgrim document written immediately after Latin Christian armies seized control of the holy city. This article examines the text’s remarkable interest in autobiography and explores the resonance which crusading, early crusading narrative, Islamic presence, and Mediterranean voyaging had upon the pilgrim genre. This new analysis of Saewulf’s pre-modern self-fashioning is crucial to ways in which literary historians assess pilgrim literature through the valuable anthropological theories advanced by Edith and Victor Turner. As argued here, the status of a militarized Mediterranean in the twelfth century led to a shift in how pilgrims wrote about themselves. Saewulf positioned himself as a pilgrim who is transformed by his vivid exploits, not at the locality of the shrine, but while en route to Jerusalem. This study is an intervention in pilgrim and travel theory, proposing 1104 as a watershed moment in medieval travelers’ self-perception and autobiographical portrayal.

Citation URI

This citation is part of the Isis database.

Similar Citations

Book Gertwagen, Ruth; Jeffreys, Elizabeth; (2012)
Shipping, Trade and Crusade in the Medieval Mediterranean: Studies in Honour of John Pryor (/p/isis/citation/CBB001421500/) unapi

Book Amanda Crawley Jackson; Christopher Leffler; (2018)
Railway cultures (/p/isis/citation/CBB190750026/) unapi

Chapter Valérie Cordonier; (2012)
Le mélange chez Averroès: sources textuelles et implications théoriques (/p/isis/citation/CBB334339022/) unapi

Thesis More, Alexander Frederick M.; (2014)
At the Origins of Welfare Policy: Law and the Economy in the Pre-Modern Mediterranean (AD 1150--1350) (/p/isis/citation/CBB001567555/) unapi

Chapter Mitchell, Piers D.; (2011)
The Spread of Disease with the Crusades (/p/isis/citation/CBB001251757/) unapi

Article Rui Manuel Loureiro; (2013)
Ecos das navegações portuguesas no Kitab-i Bahriye de Piri Reis (/p/isis/citation/CBB723949296/) unapi

Chapter Juan Martos Quesada; (2012)
Viajes de los científicos andalusíes al Norte de África durante los siglos omeyas (VIII-X) (/p/isis/citation/CBB014548607/) unapi

Book Mitchell, Piers D.; (2004)
Medicine in the Crusades: Warfare, Wounds and the Medieval Surgeon (/p/isis/citation/CBB000503228/) unapi

Book Dalché, Patrick Gautier; (2005)
Du Yorkshire à l'Inde: une “géographie” urbaine et maritime de la fin du XIIe siècle (Roger de Howden?) (/p/isis/citation/CBB000771488/) unapi

Book Ingrid Baumgärtner; Katrin Kogman-Appel; Nirit Ben-Aryeh Debby; (2019)
Maps and travel in the Middle Ages and the early modern period. Knowledge, imagination, and visual culture (/p/isis/citation/CBB767010272/) unapi

Authors & Contributors
Mitchell, Piers D.
Baffioni, Carmela
Baumgärtner, Ingrid
Coze, Jean Le
Gautier Dalché, Patrick
Gilli, Patrick
Imago Mundi: A Review of Early Cartography
Indian Journal of History of Science
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies
Edizioni Cadmo
Harvard University
Columbia University
Cambridge University Press
de Gruyter
Arab/Islamic world, civilization and culture
Maps; atlases
Travel literature
Transmission of ideas
Muhiddin Piri Ibn Haji Mehmet (Piri Reis)
Roger of Howden
Time Periods
12th century
13th century
11th century
14th century
15th century
Mediterranean region
Great Britain
Andalusia (Spain)

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment