Article ID: CBB843306031

Medieval Pilgrimage as Heterotopia: The Pilgrim as Maritime Adventurer and Aspiring Crusader in Saewulf’s Relatio de situ Jerusalem (2020)

unapi

Saewulf’s Relatio de situ Jerusalem is one of the most significant yet understudied pilgrim texts of the twelfth century. Documenting the Jerusalem-bound traveler’s adventures through the medieval Mediterranean, the text is the first extant pilgrim document written immediately after Latin Christian armies seized control of the holy city. This article examines the text’s remarkable interest in autobiography and explores the resonance which crusading, early crusading narrative, Islamic presence, and Mediterranean voyaging had upon the pilgrim genre. This new analysis of Saewulf’s pre-modern self-fashioning is crucial to ways in which literary historians assess pilgrim literature through the valuable anthropological theories advanced by Edith and Victor Turner. As argued here, the status of a militarized Mediterranean in the twelfth century led to a shift in how pilgrims wrote about themselves. Saewulf positioned himself as a pilgrim who is transformed by his vivid exploits, not at the locality of the shrine, but while en route to Jerusalem. This study is an intervention in pilgrim and travel theory, proposing 1104 as a watershed moment in medieval travelers’ self-perception and autobiographical portrayal.

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Authors & Contributors
Mitchell, Piers D.
Baffioni, Carmela
Baumgärtner, Ingrid
Coze, Jean Le
Gautier Dalché, Patrick
Gilli, Patrick
Journals
Imago Mundi: A Review of Early Cartography
Indian Journal of History of Science
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies
Abriu
Publishers
Edizioni Cadmo
Harvard University
Columbia University
Cambridge University Press
Ashgate
de Gruyter
Concepts
Crusades
Arab/Islamic world, civilization and culture
Cartography
Maps; atlases
Travel literature
Transmission of ideas
People
Averroes
Aristotle
Avicenna
Galen
Muhiddin Piri Ibn Haji Mehmet (Piri Reis)
Roger of Howden
Time Periods
Medieval
12th century
13th century
11th century
14th century
15th century
Places
Mediterranean region
Europe
Great Britain
Spain
Andalusia (Spain)
India
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