Article ID: CBB787784524

Introductory Notes on Addressing Issues and Problems of Multireligious-Ethnic Scholars in the Ottoman Science (2023)


The intercultural and scholarly interactions among the integral parts of the vast mosaic of Ottoman population that stretched over three continents, namely South East Europe, Asia Minor, Caucasus, the Levant, North Africa, part of the Gulf countries, Hejaz and Yemen, are still undiscovered sites waiting for interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary research. This diverse mosaic of population consisted of various communities of different ethnic and religious backgrounds, e.g. Turks, Arabs, Greeks, Armenians, Jews, Albanians, Hungarians, Serbs, Croatians and Bosnians. Today, thanks to the publication of the eighteen volumes of the History of Ottoman Scientific Literature and the two volumes of The Ottoman Scientific Heritage, we are better equipped to discover, study and explain aspects of these intercultural and scholarly interactions. There are two main categories to be observed in these uncharted waters, the first interaction is among three Islamic languages (Turkish, Arabic and Persian), while the second includes translations from other languages to Turkish and Arabic. In this second category, we observe two subgroups, the first subgroup contains translations from Ancient Greek and Latin to Arabic and Turkish; the second subgroup features a vast number of translations from modern European languages to Turkish and Arabic. Meanwhile the ethnic backgrounds of scholars from different religious communities e.g., Muslim, Orthodox Greek, Orthodox Armenian, Jews, provides insights into the different processes of interaction among scholars, the production and exchange of knowledge, and the movement of ideas during the six-century long history of the Ottoman Empire. This is certainly an unexplored field of research waiting for the cooperation of modern scholars with diverse training.

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Authors & Contributors
Brooke, John Hedley
Numbers, Ronald L.
Biesterfeldt, Hans Hinrich
Eisen, Arri
Gimbel, Steven
Goldstein, Bernard R.
British Journal for the History of Science
Isis: International Review Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences
Comparative Studies in Society and History
Religion and American Culture: A Journal of Interpretation
Suhayl: Journal for the History of the Exact and Natural Sciences in Islamic Civilisation
Oxford University Press
University of Virginia
Cambridge University Press
Edwin Mellen Press
Johns Hopkins University Press
Science and religion
Arab/Islamic world, civilization and culture
Cross-cultural interaction; cultural influence
Science and culture
Einstein, Albert
Ibn Khaldun
Scopes, John Thomas
Steinschneider, Moritz
Time Periods
19th century
Early modern
16th century
17th century
Ottoman Empire

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