Thesis ID: CBB757411189

Collecting Knowledge, Writing the World: An Enlightenment Project (2020)

unapi

Abele, Celia (Author)
Stalnaker, Joanna (Advisor)


Columbia University
Stalnaker, Joanna
Publication date: 2020
Language: English


Publication Date: 2020
Physical Details: 446

My dissertation examines the relationship between collecting knowledge and writing the world, taking two central figures of the Enlightenment as its starting point, Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-78) and Denis Diderot (1713-84). Employing the disciplinary frameworks and methods of early modern history of science and literary studies, I analyze practices of knowledge collection in their two respective “Enlightenment projects,” arguing for the centrality of knowledge and scientific practices in the constitution of the category of literature, especially realist prose writing. I show this, firstly, by examining Rousseau’s large extant collections of pressed plants, the product of his passion for botany in his final years, which he inserted into a late practice of writing and philosophizing the self as promeneur solitaire. Secondly, I demonstrate that the Encyclopédie (1751-72), Diderot’s massive compendium of all knowledge of the arts, sciences, and crafts, was developing an intermediate register of style and representation of knowledge. I focus on the middling status of chemistry and engraving, and discuss the image of the homme de lettres crossing the thresholds of artisans’ workshops to argue that the Encyclopédie generates a mode of representation of the variety of socio-economic life that is an origin point for nineteenth-century realism. These two models, the promeneur solitaire and the homme de lettres, re-emerge in the second half of my project in two later case studies of practices of knowledge collection and writing the world, Émile Zola’s novel series chronicling Second Empire France, the Rougon-Macquart (1871-93) and W.G. Sebald’s (1944-2001) literary-historiographical writings. These examples serve to make a broader argument about how knowledge collection has continued to be central to the category of literature. The jump forward in time necessitated by such a claim is accomplished via a “grammar of juxtaposition” across time and place, outlined in my introduction, which takes as its basis Sebald’s literary practice of bringing together fragments and moments of the past. I show how the extensive notes or dossiers préparatoires that are the extant evidence of Zola’s practice of collecting knowledge via “scientific,” on-the-ground research, conducted on battlefields, in department stores, mines, and food markets were a weapon in his campaign for getting a new kind of socially engaged novel accepted by the literary institution. My final chapter turns back to Sebald to argue that his texts, which juxtapose instances of knowledge collection assembled by a walking historian of nature and human civilization, are a framework for a history of knowledge collection within a broad concept of the Enlightenment.

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Authors & Contributors
Cook, Alexandra
Anstey, Peter
Bevilacqua, Fabio
Cook, A.
Dobelbower, Nicholas Colcord
Fregonese, Lucio
Journals
History of European Ideas
Archives of Natural History
Eighteenth-Century Studies
Llull: Revista de la Sociedad Española de Historia de las Ciencias y de las Técnicas
Metascience: An International Review Journal for the History, Philosophy and Social Studies of Science
Science and Education
Publishers
Princeton University
Duke University
Ashgate
Éditions du Cerf
Mimesis
Oxford University Press
Concepts
Botany
Science and literature
Natural history
Chemistry
Philosophy
Gardens
People
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques
Diderot, Denis
Balzac, Honoré de
Darwin, Erasmus
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von
Linnaeus, Carolus
Time Periods
18th century
Enlightenment
19th century
17th century
20th century
Places
France
Great Britain
Europe
Italy
Netherlands
Institutions
Lichfield Botanical Society
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