Article ID: CBB709633313

La théorie bergsonienne dans les controverses aphasiologiques, en France, de 1906 à 1950 (2022)

unapi

En 1896, dans Matière et mémoire, le philosophe Henri Bergson développe une théorie des rapports entre le cerveau et la pensée fondée sur une interprétation des aphasies, qu’il présentera durant toute sa vie comme une contribution positive à la recherche scientifique. Les théories unitaristes du docteur Pierre Marie, puis les théories globalistes de Raoul Mourgue, sembleront en effet lui donner raison et bientôt Bergson acquerra la réputation d’avoir devancé la science. L’étude de la réception de ses hypothèses en neurologie montre pourtant une réalité historique plus complexe. La querelle du bergsonisme joua, en fait, le rôle d’un marqueur de divisions dans un domaine, l’aphasiologie, déjà fortement clivé. En suivant ce fil conducteur des premiers articles iconoclastes de Marie, en 1906, jusqu’à la disparition de Mourgue, en 1950, nous prenons la mesure de ce que les neurologues et neuropsychiatres pouvaient attendre ou pas des hypothèses d’un philosophe parfaitement documenté, mais limité à des méthodes spéculatives.

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Authors & Contributors
de Oliveira-Souza, Ricardo
Eling, Paul
Finger, Stanley
Goetz, Christopher G.
Gross, Charles G.
Hagner, Michael
Journals
Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
History of Psychiatry
British Journal for the History of Science
Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
Science and Education
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Publishers
MIT Press
University of Chicago Press
Concepts
Neurology
Controversies and disputes
Brain localization
Aphasia
Psychiatry
Neurosciences
People
Freud, Sigmund
Bergson, Henri Louis
Gall, Franz Joseph
Jackson, John Hughlings
Boltzmann, Ludwig
Bouillaud, Jean Baptiste
Time Periods
19th century
20th century, early
20th century
20th century, late
Places
France
Great Britain
Paris (France)
Germany
England
Birmingham (England)
Institutions
British Association for the Advancement of Science
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
Walter Reed Army Medical Center
University of Birmingham (United Kingdom)
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