Article ID: CBB684257033

Meister and Jupille: Lives and Afterlives of Pasteur's First Rabies Vaccine Patients, 1885–1940 (2023)


In 1885 Louis Pasteur successfully treated two boys from different parts of rural France, Joseph Meister and Jean-Baptiste Jupille, with his experimental rabies vaccine. Arguing that the boys played an important role in shaping images of Pasteur and his vaccine in French culture, this article reconstructs their long relationships with the scientist and then traces their evolving cultural representations during the Third Republic up to 1940. Meister, a young child from Alsace who sought salvation in Paris, was particularly assimilable to nationalist narratives that Pasteur himself encouraged. Jupille, in fighting with a rabid dog to save young children from attack, could provide an exemplar of the selfless yet virile male adolescent whom late nineteenth-century authorities sought to produce. Both boys' stories produced associations that reflected favorably on Pasteur and the Pastorians, yet each also held an independent appeal at particular moments in modern French history.

Citation URI

This citation is part of the Isis database.

Similar Citations

Article Chakrabarti, Pratik; (2010)
“Living versus Dead”: The Pasteurian Paradigm and Imperial Vaccine Research (/p/isis/citation/CBB001031522/) unapi

Article Myung-Sun Chun; (2018)
Rabies Outbreaks and Control during the Japanese Colonial Period in Korea (/p/isis/citation/CBB662051346/) unapi

Article Gradmann, Christoph; (2008)
Locating Therapeutic Vaccines in Nineteenth-Century History (/p/isis/citation/CBB000831744/) unapi

Article Simon, Jonathan; (2008)
Monitoring the Stable at the Pasteur Institute (/p/isis/citation/CBB000831746/) unapi

Article Klöppel, Ulrike; (2008)
Enacting Cultural Boundaries in French and German Diphtheria Serum Research (/p/isis/citation/CBB000831745/) unapi

Article Maurice-Raymond, Robert; Théodoridès, Jean; (1986)
Une lettre de Pasteur à propos de la rage (/p/isis/citation/CBB000064678/) unapi

Book (1985)
Pasteur et la rage (/p/isis/citation/CBB000045203/) unapi

Article Illo, John; (1996)
Pasteur and rabies: An interview of 1882. Introduced and translated by Illo, John (/p/isis/citation/CBB000070064/) unapi

Article Geison, Gerald L.; (1990)
Pasteur, Roux, and rabies: Scientific versus clinical mentalities (/p/isis/citation/CBB000055471/) unapi

Article Blaisdell, John D.; (1996)
With certain reservations: The American veterinary community's reception of Pasteur's work on rabies (/p/isis/citation/CBB000071695/) unapi

Chapter Emmanuel Betta; (2021)
«L’ultima bufera antivaccinista». Il dibattito sulla vaccinazione in Italia tra XIX e XX secolo (/p/isis/citation/CBB678542069/) unapi

Article Vaught, Jeannette; (2013)
Materia Medica: Technology, Vaccination, and Antivivisection in Jazz Age Philadelphia (/p/isis/citation/CBB001201818/) unapi

Book Allen, Arthur; (2007)
Vaccine: The Controversial Story of Medicine's Greatest Lifesaver (/p/isis/citation/CBB000930529/) unapi

Article Mendelsohn, J. Andrew; (2002)
`Like All That Lives': Biology, Medicine and Bacteria in the Age of Pasteur and Koch (/p/isis/citation/CBB000501108/) unapi

Article Cassier, Maurice; (2005)
Appropriation and Commercialization of the Pasteur Anthrax Vaccine (/p/isis/citation/CBB000770710/) unapi

Article Silverstein, Arthur M.; (2000)
Pasteur, Pastorians, and the Dawn of Immunology: The Importance of Specificity (/p/isis/citation/CBB000770040/) unapi

Authors & Contributors
Cassier, Maurice
Allen, Arthur
Blaisdell, John D.
Chakrabarti, Pratik
Gachelin, Gabriel
Geison, Gerald L.
Science in Context
Bulletin of the History of Medicine
History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
Agricultural History
American Quarterly
Dynamis: Acta Hispanica ad Medicinae Scientiarumque Historiam Illustrandam
Informations Techniques des Services Vétérinaires
W. W. Norton & Co.
Vaccines; vaccination
Medicine and culture
Pasteur, Louis
Koch, Robert
Roux, Émile
Behring, Emil von
Bordet, Jules
Chamberland, Charles
Time Periods
19th century
20th century, early
20th century
United States
Institut Pasteur, Paris
Institut für Infektionskrankheiten, Berlin

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment