Article ID: CBB684257033

Meister and Jupille: Lives and Afterlives of Pasteur's First Rabies Vaccine Patients, 1885–1940 (2023)

unapi

In 1885 Louis Pasteur successfully treated two boys from different parts of rural France, Joseph Meister and Jean-Baptiste Jupille, with his experimental rabies vaccine. Arguing that the boys played an important role in shaping images of Pasteur and his vaccine in French culture, this article reconstructs their long relationships with the scientist and then traces their evolving cultural representations during the Third Republic up to 1940. Meister, a young child from Alsace who sought salvation in Paris, was particularly assimilable to nationalist narratives that Pasteur himself encouraged. Jupille, in fighting with a rabid dog to save young children from attack, could provide an exemplar of the selfless yet virile male adolescent whom late nineteenth-century authorities sought to produce. Both boys' stories produced associations that reflected favorably on Pasteur and the Pastorians, yet each also held an independent appeal at particular moments in modern French history.

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Authors & Contributors
Cassier, Maurice
Allen, Arthur
Blaisdell, John D.
Chakrabarti, Pratik
Gachelin, Gabriel
Geison, Gerald L.
Journals
Science in Context
Bulletin of the History of Medicine
History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
Agricultural History
American Quarterly
Dynamis: Acta Hispanica ad Medicinae Scientiarumque Historiam Illustrandam
Publishers
Informations Techniques des Services Vétérinaires
Viella
W. W. Norton & Co.
Concepts
Vaccines; vaccination
Rabies
Medicine
Bacteriology
Diphtheria
Medicine and culture
People
Pasteur, Louis
Koch, Robert
Roux, Émile
Behring, Emil von
Bordet, Jules
Chamberland, Charles
Time Periods
19th century
20th century, early
20th century
Places
France
Germany
India
Korea
Italy
United States
Institutions
Institut Pasteur, Paris
Institut für Infektionskrankheiten, Berlin
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