Thesis ID: CBB557245604

Globalizing Socialist Health: Africa, East Germany, and the AIDS Crisis (2019)


Folland, Johanna (Author)
Eley, Geoff (Advisor)

Eley, Geoff
University of Michigan
Publication date: 2019
Language: English

Publication Date: 2019
Physical Details: 232

In 1987, at the height of the AIDS crisis, the United States issued its infamous “HIV travel ban,” barring HIV-positive foreigners from entering the country. Later that same year, state-socialist East Germany followed suit and began deporting HIV-positive African students and guest workers. Western scholars, often treating the American case as an outlier, have always explained the East German HIV travel ban in terms of rampant Soviet Bloc authoritarianism – in other words, as just another example of state socialism showing its true (illiberal) colors and receding into isolation behind the “Iron Curtain.” This dissertation demonstrates the opposite. I argue that this policy actually grew out of enthusiastic East German efforts to integrate with an emerging Western-led international health consensus on AIDS – a consensus that spoke out against anti-immigrant responses to the epidemic but sometimes carried with it hidden racial hierarchies and normative assumptions about the proper relationship between healthcare and the state. This project is therefore an investigation of (1.) the liberalization and globalization of socialist health systems in the late Cold War era, as well as (2.) the consolidation of a global response to HIV/AIDS that has long privileged white, “First World” lives over the lives of people in and from the Global South.

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Authors & Contributors
Afkhami, Amir Arsalan
Cooter, Roger J.
Geissler, P. Wenzel
Molyneux, Catherine
Murray, Heather Michelle
Nattrass, Nicoli
Medical History
Canadian Bulletin of Medical History/Bulletin Canadienne d'Histoire de la Medecine
Journal of Global History
Duke University Press
Cambridge University Press
Berghahn Books
Columbia University Press
Cornell University Press
Public health
AIDS (disease); HIV / AIDS
Medicine and society
Globalization; internationalization
Human immunodeficiency viruses (HIV)
Disease and diseases
Jenner, Edward
Time Periods
20th century, late
21st century
20th century
20th century, early
19th century
United States
South Africa
Tanzania (Tanganyika, Zanzibar)
East Africa
East Germany

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