Thesis ID: CBB535848896

The Emergence of Modernity in the Early Aerospace Industry 1950-1970 (2020)

unapi

The literature regarding the management of science during the early aerospace industry between 1950 and 1970, and more specifically the period of Lockheed’s transition from aeronautics into aerospace, is sparse and the subject is insufficiently studied. In this dissertation I examine how the practice of science changed in the United States in the decades after World War II. The scientific endeavor in the United States manifested a transformation from an enlightenment-based set of norms to a new modern ethos. For all intents and purposes, the traditional intellectual boundaries between basic science, applied science, and technology dissolved across the majority of the American scientific endeavor in the from 1950 to 1970 as science became objective oriented. This is in contrast to the common acceptance among historians of science who place this change in the 1970’s and 1980’s concomitant with the development of the entrepreneurial university. The majority of original research presented here comes from the archives of Lockheed executives Willis Hawkins, who started as an engineer and would ultimately ascend to company President, and Ben Rich who was a staff scientist who also rose to lead Lockheed’s semi-autonomous Advanced Development Program or Skunk Works. The dissertation is grounded in Etzkowitz and Leydesdorff’s Triple-Helix Model of science and demonstrates that the early aerospace industry conducted and managed science with the modern characteristics of human resources circulation, the development of innovation networks, reflexive output circulation, and non-linear innovation. Additionally, I amend the Triple-Helix model by proposing that the original version, which is scaled to describe large organizational and national science policy, can be used to model modern science management at three discrete scales – macro, meso, and micro. Finally, the study identifies as outcomes the role of industry associations, the loaning of human resources, and of capitalism during the period, and in the persistence of the Linear Model.

...More
Citation URI
data.isiscb.org/p/isis/citation/CBB535848896

This citation is part of the Isis database.

Similar Citations

Book Westwick, Peter J.; (2012)
Blue Sky Metropolis: The Aerospace Century in Southern California (/p/isis/citation/CBB001201066/) unapi

Article Antony Adler; (2020)
Deep Horizons: Canada's Underwater Habitat Program and Vertical Dimensions of Marine Sovereignty (/p/isis/citation/CBB981240817/) unapi

Article Joseph D. Martin; (2017)
Prestige Asymmetry in American Physics: Aspirations, Applications, and the Purloined Letter Effect (/p/isis/citation/CBB816867246/) unapi

Article Bocking, Stephen; (2009)
A Disciplined Geography: Aviation, Science, and the Cold War in Northern Canada, 1945--1960 (/p/isis/citation/CBB000951924/) unapi

Essay Review Schatzberg, Eric; (2013)
Why Airplanes Fly: The Strong Programme and the Theory of Lift (/p/isis/citation/CBB001500272/) unapi

Article Leslie, Stuart W.; (2013)
Aerospaces: Southern California Architecture in a Cold War World (/p/isis/citation/CBB001214376/) unapi

Article Hopwood-Lewis, Jonathan; (2013)
Griffith Brewer, “The Wright Brothers' Boswell”: Patent Management and the British Aviation Industry, 1903--1914 (/p/isis/citation/CBB001211903/) unapi

Book Liachenkov, Nikolai V.; Tarabrin, Oleg A.; (2004)
Etapy razvitiia aerokosmicheskoi promyshlennosti i avtomobilestroeniia: Uchebnoe posobie. (/p/isis/citation/CBB000750368/) unapi

Thesis Jeon, Chihyung; (2010)
Technologies of the Operator: Engineering the Pilot in the U.S. and Japan, 1930--1960 (/p/isis/citation/CBB001567196/) unapi

Book Fernando Esposito; (2015)
Fascism, aviation and mythical modernity (/p/isis/citation/CBB439605808/) unapi

Book Hiatt, Willie; (2016)
The Rarified Air of the Modern: Airplanes and Technological Modernity in the Andes (/p/isis/citation/CBB679562632/) unapi

Thesis Joppan George; (2019)
Airborne Colony: Culture and Politics of Aviation in India, 1910-1939 (/p/isis/citation/CBB791107848/) unapi

Book Eike-Christian Heine; Martin Meiske; (2022)
Beyond the Lab and the Field: Infrastructures as Places of Knowledge Production Since the Late Nineteenth Century (/p/isis/citation/CBB685686375/) unapi

Article Anderson, Warwick; (2002)
Postcolonial Technoscience (/p/isis/citation/CBB000300601/) unapi

Article Cyrus C. M. Mody; (2020)
Historical Studies in Which Sciences? The Revolving Door of Engineering and Technology (/p/isis/citation/CBB703937785/) unapi

Authors & Contributors
Jeon, Chihyung
Adler, Antony
Anderson, Warwick H.
Bensaude-Vincent, Bernadette
Bocking, Stephen A.
Grachev, Sergey
Journals
History and Technology
Centaurus: International Magazine of the History of Mathematics, Science, and Technology
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences
Metascience: An International Review Journal for the History, Philosophy and Social Studies of Science
Public Understanding of Science
Research in the History of Technology
Publishers
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MIT
Princeton University
Huntington-USC Institute on California and the West; University of California Press
MAI
Oxford University Press
Palgrave Macmillan
Concepts
Aeronautics; aviation
Science and technology, relationships
Aerospace industry
Science and society
Modernity
Cold War
People
Brewer, Griffith
Lozino-Lozinskiy, Gleb Evgeniyevich
Wright brothers, Wilber and Orville
Time Periods
20th century, late
20th century
20th century, early
21st century
19th century
Places
United States
California (U.S.)
Canada
Germany
Japan
Great Britain
Comments

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment