Article ID: CBB488909436

Erinnerungsorte und Erinnerungskultur – Zur Karriere der „Memory Studies“ in der Medizingeschichte - Memory Spaces and Cultures of Remembrance – Reflections on the Career of “Memory Studies” in the History of Medicine (2020)

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Krischel, Matthis (Author)
Halling, Thorsten (Author)


Medizinhistorisches Journal
Volume: 55
Issue: 3
Pages: 219-231
Publication date: 2020
Language: German


In der Kulturgeschichte stellen die „Memory Studies“ seit Ende der 1990er Jahre einen wichtigen Zugang dar. Hier wird gefragt, wer sich wie und warum an die Vergangenheit erinnert. Aleida und Jan Assmann unterscheiden zwischen dem sozialen Gedächtnis als eher mündliches Erinnern und dem kulturellen Gedächtnis, das durch Rituale und mediales Festschreiben geprägt ist. Pierre Nora prägte den Begriff des Erinnerungsortes („lieu de mémoire“, plural: „lieux de mémoire“) als Anhaftungsstelle für gemeinsames Erinnern. Dabei können medizinische Fachgesellschaften durchaus als Erinnerungsorte in diesem Sinne verstanden werden, weil sie das Erinnern ihrer Mitglieder und z. T. der Öffentlichkeit strukturieren. Die Autoren geben einen Überblick über die Literatur zu den Memory Studies, weisen auf ihre Anwendung in der Medizingeschichte hin und skizzieren die folgenden Beiträge dieser Ausgabe. Since the end of the 1990s, “Memory Studies” have become an important approach in cultural history, asking questions about who remembers the past how and why. Aleida and Jan Assmann distinguish between social memory as a more oral form of memory and cultural memory characterized by rituals and recording the past. Pierre Nora coined the concept of memory spaces (“lieux de mémoire”), defined as a place of attachment for shared memory. Medical specialty societies can be understood as memory spaces, because they structure how their members and, in part, the public, remember. The authors offer an overview of the literature on memory studies, describe its application in the history of medicine, and provide an outline of the following articles in this issue.

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Authors & Contributors
Barahona, Ana Echeverría
Beiner, Guy
Brock, William H.
Bruns, Florian
Bud, Robert
Cantor, David
Journals
Bulletin for the History of Chemistry
Centaurus: International Magazine of the History of Mathematics, Science, and Technology
History of Psychiatry
Medizinhistorisches Journal
Almagest
Dynamis: Acta Hispanica ad Medicinae Scientiarumque Historiam Illustrandam
Publishers
Manchester University Press
Oxford University Press
Concepts
Historiography
Historical method
History of medicine, as a discipline
History of science, as a discipline
Memory
Medicine
People
Foucault, Michel
Rosenberg, Charles E.
Sudhoff, Karl
Time Periods
21st century
20th century, late
20th century
19th century
Early modern
Places
Great Britain
Italy
Spain
United States
East Asia
Saxony
Institutions
History of Science Society
Science History Institute (SHI)
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