Article ID: CBB338115246

Three historical issues dealing with time and inertia in relation to present physics (2022)

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We present three issues associated with the works of Galileo in 1632 and Einstein in 1905 and 1911, which concern respectively the status of time in relativity, the quantum identification of mass and frequency and the mysterious identity of inertial and gravitational masses. These issues naturally lead to a new (quantum) way of thinking of time and inertia, a topic which has been ignored by physicists in the early quantum years although it had contributed to the foundations of previous (classical) physics and to its major success, Einstein’s general relativity. The “philosophy” underlying our discussion is that the reconsideration of “old historical issues” may help overcoming the epistemological obstacles, which generally surround present relativistic and quantum physics, and hide what Poincare called “l’unite de la nature”.

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Article Meropi Morfouli (2022) Introduction. Almagest (pp. 4-10). unapi

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Authors & Contributors
Roux, Sophie
Yourgrau, Palle
Afriat, Alexander
Burnett, D. Graham
Caccese, Ermenegildo
Couloubaritsis, Lambros
Journals
Galilæana: Journal of Galilean Studies
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics
Dædalus
Philosophia Naturalis
Physics in Perspective
Science and Education
Publishers
Basic Books
Beck
Cambridge Scholars Publishing
CNRS
McGill-Queen's University Press
University of Chicago Press
Concepts
Physics
Relativity
Time
Momentum; inertia (mechanics)
Relativity, general
Philosophy of science
People
Einstein, Albert
Galilei, Galileo
Descartes, René
Gödel, Kurt
Newton, Isaac
Poincaré, Jules Henri
Time Periods
20th century
17th century
20th century, early
16th century
19th century
21st century
Places
Paris (France)
Italy
Institutions
Jesuits (Society of Jesus)
Large Hadron Collider (LHC)
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