Thesis ID: CBB325050864

Exploring Education Cyborg Space: Bibliographic and Metaphor Analysis of Educational Psychology and Artificial Intelligence Studies (2021)

unapi

Byoung-gyu Gong (Author)
McGurty, Iveta (Advisor)


Arizona State University
McGurty, Iveta
Publication date: 2021
Language: English


Publication Date: 2021
Physical Details: 160

The emergence of machine intelligence, which is superior to the best human talent in some problem-solving tasks, has rendered conventional educational goals obsolete, especially in terms of enhancing human capacity in specific skills and knowledge domains. Hence, artificial intelligence (AI) has become a buzzword, espousing both crisis rhetoric and ambition to enact policy reforms in the educational policy arena. However, these policy measures are mostly based on an assumption of binary human-machine relations, focusing on exploitation, resistance, negation, or competition between humans and AI due to the limited knowledge and imagination about human-machine relationality. Setting new relations with AI and negotiating human agency with the advanced intelligent machines is a non-trivial issue; it is urgent and necessary for human survival and co-existence in the machine era. This is a new educational mandate. In this context, this research examined how the notion of human and machine intelligence has been defined in relation to one another in the intellectual history of educational psychology and AI studies, representing human and machine intelligence studies respectively. This study explored a common paradigmatic space, so-called ‘cyborg space,’ connecting the two disciplines through cross-referencing in the citation network and cross-modeling in the metaphorical semantic space. The citation network analysis confirmed the existence of cross-referencing between human and machine intelligence studies, and interdisciplinary journals conceiving human-machine interchangeability. The metaphor analysis found that the notion of human and machine intelligence has been seamlessly interwoven to be part of a theoretical continuum in the most commonly cited references. This research concluded that the educational research and policy paradigm needs to be reframed based on the fact that the underlying knowledge of human and machine intelligence is not strictly differentiated, and human intelligence is relatively provincialized within the human-machine integrated system.

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Authors & Contributors
Bertolaso, Marta
Bowman, Diana M.
Evans, James
Johns, Adrian
Männistö-Funk, Tiina
Marcos, Alfredo
Journals
Laboratorio dell'ISPF
IEEE Technology and Society Magazine
Science, Technology, and Human Values
Icon: Journal of the International Committee for the History of Technology
Interdisciplinary Science Reviews
Osiris: A Research Journal Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences
Publishers
MIT Press
Carocci Editore
Routledge India
Concepts
Artificial intelligence
Human-machine interaction
Technology and society
Technology and ethics
Machine learning
Science and ethics
People
Ekman, Paul
Time Periods
21st century
20th century, late
20th century
19th century
Places
United States
China
France
Germany
Japan
South Africa
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