Book ID: CBB319827634

Designs of Destruction: The Making of Monuments in the Twentieth Century (2018)


Allais, Lucia (Author)

University of Chicago Press
Publication date: 2018
Language: English

Publication Date: 2018
Physical Details: 347

The twentieth century was the most destructive in human history, but from its vast landscapes of ruins was born a new architectural type: the cultural monument. In the wake of World War I, an international movement arose which aimed to protect architectural monuments in large numbers, and regardless of style, hoping not only to keep them safe from future conflicts, but also to make them worthy of protection from more quotidian forms of destruction. This movement was motivated by hopeful idealism as much as by a pragmatic belief in bureaucracy. An evolving group—including architects, intellectuals, art historians, archaeologists, curators, and lawyers—grew out of the new diplomacy of the League of Nations. During and after World War II, it became affiliated with the Allied Military Government, and was eventually absorbed by the UN as UNESCO. By the 1970s, this organization had begun granting World Heritage status to a global register of significant sites—from buildings to bridges, shrines to city centers, ruins to colossi. Examining key episodes in the history of this preservation effort—including projects for the Parthenon, for the Cathedral of St-Lô, the temples of Abu Simbel, and the Bamyian Buddahs —Lucia Allais demonstrates how the group deployed the notion of culture to shape architectural sites, and how architecture in turn shaped the very idea of global culture. More than the story of an emergent canon, Designs of Destruction emphasizes how the technical project of ensuring various buildings’ longevity jolted preservation into establishing a transnational set of codes, values, practices. Yet as entire nations’ monumental geographies became part of survival plans, Allais also shows, this paradoxically helped integrate technologies of destruction—from bombs to bulldozers—into cultural governance. Thus Designs of Destruction not only offers a fascinating narrative of cultural diplomacy, based on extensive archival findings; it also contributes an important new chapter in the intellectual history of modernity by showing the manifold ways architectural form is charged with concretizing abstract ideas and ideals, even in its destruction.

Reviewed By

Review N. Bucky Stanton (2023) Review of "Designs of Destruction: The Making of Monuments in the Twentieth Century". Technology and Culture (pp. 294-295). unapi

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Authors & Contributors
Bauer, Susanne
Belmonte, Juan Antonio
Chamberlain, Andrew T.
Halling, Thorsten
Kavuri-Bauer, Santhi
Krischel, Matthis
IA. The Journal of the Society for Industrial Archeology
Blätter für Technikgeschichte
Cold War History
Medizinhistorisches Journal
Railroad History
Technology and Culture
Cambridge University Press
Duke University Press
Liverpool University Press
Manchester University Press
MIT Press
Oxford University Press
Historic preservation
Industrial archaeology
Industrial heritage
Collective memory
Time Periods
20th century
21st century
19th century
16th century
17th century
Great Britain
United States
Rome (Italy)
Soviet Union
National Health Service (Great Britain)
United Nations
Jones and Laughlin Steel Corporation

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