Article ID: CBB299720553

The psychopathic hospital (2023)


Robert DF Nathan (Author)

History of Psychiatry
Volume: 34
Issue: 4
Pages: 417-433
Publication date: 2023
Language: English

A new psychiatric institution emerged in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries: the psychopathic hospital. This institution represented a significant development in the history of psychiatry, as it marked the profession’s reorientation from asylum-based to hospital-based care, and in this way presaged the deinstitutionalization movement that would begin half a century later. Psychopathic hospitals were also an important marker of psychiatry’s efforts to redefine its professional boundaries and respond to its vociferous critics. This entailed both a rapprochement with general medicine in an effort to assert its scientific bona fides and a redefinition of its scope of practice to absorb non-certifiable ‘borderland’ cases in order both to emphasize non-coercive treatment and to enlarge the profession’s boundaries.

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Authors & Contributors
Chaney, Sarah
Coleborne, Catharine
Edington, Claire Ellen
Ernst, Waltraud
Forsythe, Bill
Grimsley-Smith, Melinda D.
History of Psychiatry
Health and History
História, Ciências, Saúde---Manguinhos
Columbia University
Franco Angeli
Ohio University Press
Pennsylvania State University Press
University of Notre Dame
Psychiatric hospitals
Medicine and society
Science and society
Therapeutic practice; therapy; treatment
Mental disorders and diseases
Pinel, Philippe
Specht, Gustav Nikolaus
Time Periods
19th century
20th century, early
20th century
18th century
United States
Ohio (U.S.)
Great Britain
British Columbia (Canada)
Bavaria (Germany)
York Retreat

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