Article ID: CBB264502993

An Environmental and Climate History of the Roman Expansion in Italy (2023)


A first synthesis of available data for the period of Rome’s expansion in Italy (about 400–29 b.c.e.) shows the role of climate and environment in early Roman imperialism. Although global indices suggest a warmer phase with relatively few short-term climate events occuring around the same time as the expansion, local data emphasize the highly variable timing and expression of these trends. This variability casts doubt on ideas of a unitary, historically consequential “Roman Warm Period.” The historical importance of climate and environment to socioeconomic development merits emphasis, but should be understood in terms of evolving, contingent forms of resilience and risk-mitigating behavior by Italian communities during Roman expansion.

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Authors & Contributors
Bickerstaff, K.
Conway, Erik M.
Group, Social Learning
Harper, Kyle
Lorenzoni, I.
McDonald, Glenda Camille
The Bridge: Journal of the National Academy of Engineering
Science, Technology, and Human Values
Business History Review
Journal of World History
Public Understanding of Science
MIT Press
National Aeronautics and Space Administration, NASA History Division
Princeton University Press
Wallstein Verlag
Risk assessment
Risk management
Climate and climatology
Climate change
Aurelianus, Caelius
Kerr, Roy Patrick
Pliny the Elder
Time Periods
21st century
20th century, late
Rome (Italy)
United States
Great Britain
Du Pont Company
United States. Environmental Protection Agency
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

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