Article ID: CBB263048392

"Our Faunal Defense in Africa": Imperial Survivalism, Anglo-American Conservation, and African Independence in the Twentieth Century (2022)


This article uses the writing and public rhetoric of William Temple Hornaday, Georg Treichel, and Julian Sorell Huxley to chart the development of a conservationist discourse that I call “imperial survivalism” in the twentieth century. Born of a stew of political anxiety, nostalgia, and racial fear, imperial survivalism associated the threat of animal extinction with the rise of indigenous sovereignty across the African continent. As it evolved from the 1910s to the late 1960s, imperial survivalism authorized efforts not only to “save” African animals but also to justify the claims of empire in a post-imperial world.

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Authors & Contributors
Bhimull, Chandra D.
Bont, Raf de
Brister, Evelyn Louise
Brockington, Dan
Denning, Andrew
Greenwood, Anna
British Journal for the History of Science
Business History Review
Science, Technology, and Human Values
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Technology and Culture
Journal of Jesuit Studies
University of Kansas
Berghahn Books
Duke University Press
Indiana University Press
Lexington Books
Manchester University Press
Wildlife conservation
Great Britain, colonies
Communication within scientific contexts
Economic development
Hornaday, William Temple
Petty, William
Polanco, Juan Alfonso de
Time Periods
20th century
19th century
21st century
20th century, late
16th century
17th century
Great Britain
Tanzania (Tanganyika, Zanzibar)
Rome (Italy)
Montana (U.S.)
Jesuits (Society of Jesus)
Royal Society of London
Automobiles Citroën
British Airways

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