Article ID: CBB221747494

“Invisible” War Trauma in Japan: Medicine, Society and Military Psychiatric Casualties (2016)


The concept of trauma has been socially accepted in Japan since 1995 when the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake occurred, and the subsequent attempts of some historical researches to rediscover the history of modern wars in a context of trauma. This paper draws attention to the huge lack of collective memory of war neurosis before the earthquake and considers how it became invisible by reexamining Japanese military psychiatry during the Asia-Pacific War. Japanese military psychiatry consisted of central facilities such as Kōnodai Military Hospital and Musashi Military Sanatorium and numerous peripheral medical officers whose expertise wasn't usually psychiatry. Moreover, there were psychiatric casualties who had no access to medical treatment at the front. Medical officers of Kōnodai Military Hospital regarded war neurosis as an illness that was instigated by the desires of patients for homecoming and pensioning. Since their researches on war neurosis were studied as a part of war conduct, they overlooked the persistent influence of traumatic experiences on the battlefield.

Citation URI

This citation is part of the Isis database.

Similar Citations

Article Mélanie Henry; (2023)
Trauma, protest, and therapeutic culture in Algeria since the 1980s (/p/isis/citation/CBB510149017/) unapi

Thesis Durrer, Julie; (2011)
Embodied in Gender: Veterans, Women, and the Social Construction of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (/p/isis/citation/CBB001562825/) unapi

Book Meghan Fitzpatrick; (2017)
Invisible Scars: Mental Trauma and the Korean War (/p/isis/citation/CBB810752603/) unapi

Book Peter Yule; (2021)
The Long Shadow: Australia's Vietnam Veterans Since the War (/p/isis/citation/CBB600983096/) unapi

Article Ryan Ross; (2019)
Between Shell Shock and PTSD? ‘Accident Neurosis’ and Its Sequelae in Post-War Britain (/p/isis/citation/CBB414345907/) unapi

Book Larry M. Logue; Peter Blanck; (2018)
Heavy Laden: Union Veterans, Psychological Illness, and Suicide (/p/isis/citation/CBB785969372/) unapi

Article Petar Jevremović; (2020)
Sigmund Freud and Martin Pappenheim (/p/isis/citation/CBB713581584/) unapi

Chapter Matteo Borri; (2020)
La psichiatria europea e il fronte (/p/isis/citation/CBB499921632/) unapi

Article Pavlos Ntafoulis; (2016)
A war psychiatry approach to warfare in the Middle Byzantine period (/p/isis/citation/CBB098213267/) unapi

Book Thomas, Gregory M.; (2009)
Treating the Trauma of the Great War: Soldiers, Civilians, and Psychiatry in France, 1914--1940 (/p/isis/citation/CBB001022547/) unapi

Article Kaori Kitagawa; (2015)
Continuity and Change in Disaster Education in Japan (/p/isis/citation/CBB236182879/) unapi

Thesis Brandt, Marisa Renee; (2013)
War, Trauma, and Technologies of the Self: The Making of Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy (/p/isis/citation/CBB001567473/) unapi

Book David Kieran; (2019)
Signature Wounds: The Untold Story of the Military's Mental Health Crisis (/p/isis/citation/CBB595212787/) unapi

Book Erin Peters; Richards, Cynthia,; (2021)
Early modern trauma : Europe and the Atlantic World (/p/isis/citation/CBB685333559/) unapi

Article Oded Heilbronner; (2021)
The mentally ill and how they were perceived in young Israel (/p/isis/citation/CBB520900198/) unapi

Book Lynne Jones; (2018)
Outside the Asylum: A Memoir of War, Disaster and Humanitarian Psychiatry (/p/isis/citation/CBB369217636/) unapi

Article Alexandra Widmer; Christine Winter; (2021)
Health and Medicine during and after the Pacific War: Pacific Islanders, Institutions, Infrastructure, Ingenuities (/p/isis/citation/CBB823348316/) unapi

Book Kitanaka, Junko; (2012)
Depression in Japan: Psychiatric Cures for a Society in Distress (/p/isis/citation/CBB001251603/) unapi

Authors & Contributors
Blanck, Peter David
Durrer, Julie
Kitanaka, Junko
Thomas, Gregory M.
Brandt, Marisa Renee
Heilbronner, Oded
History of Psychiatry
East Asian Science, Technology and Society: An International Journal
Health and History
History of Education
Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
Osiris: A Research Journal Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences
Cambridge University Press
Franco Angeli
Louisiana State University Press
NewSouth Books
New York University Press
Princeton University Press
Medicine and the military; medicine in war
Psychic trauma
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Mental disorders and diseases
War neuroses
Miller, Henry
Time Periods
20th century, late
21st century
20th century, early
19th century
20th century
United States
Great Britain

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment