Article ID: CBB221747494

“Invisible” War Trauma in Japan: Medicine, Society and Military Psychiatric Casualties (2016)

unapi

The concept of trauma has been socially accepted in Japan since 1995 when the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake occurred, and the subsequent attempts of some historical researches to rediscover the history of modern wars in a context of trauma. This paper draws attention to the huge lack of collective memory of war neurosis before the earthquake and considers how it became invisible by reexamining Japanese military psychiatry during the Asia-Pacific War. Japanese military psychiatry consisted of central facilities such as Kōnodai Military Hospital and Musashi Military Sanatorium and numerous peripheral medical officers whose expertise wasn't usually psychiatry. Moreover, there were psychiatric casualties who had no access to medical treatment at the front. Medical officers of Kōnodai Military Hospital regarded war neurosis as an illness that was instigated by the desires of patients for homecoming and pensioning. Since their researches on war neurosis were studied as a part of war conduct, they overlooked the persistent influence of traumatic experiences on the battlefield.

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Authors & Contributors
Blanck, Peter David
Durrer, Julie
Kitanaka, Junko
Thomas, Gregory M.
Brandt, Marisa Renee
Heilbronner, Oded
Journals
History of Psychiatry
East Asian Science, Technology and Society: An International Journal
Health and History
History of Education
Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
Osiris: A Research Journal Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences
Publishers
Cambridge University Press
Franco Angeli
Louisiana State University Press
NewSouth Books
New York University Press
Princeton University Press
Concepts
Medicine and the military; medicine in war
Psychic trauma
Psychiatry
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Mental disorders and diseases
War neuroses
People
Miller, Henry
Time Periods
20th century, late
21st century
20th century, early
19th century
20th century
Medieval
Places
United States
Japan
Europe
Algeria
Great Britain
Israel
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