Chapter ID: CBB189941588

War and Peace in the Sixteenth-Century Southwest: Objected-Oriented Approaches to Native-European Encounters and Trajectories (2019)

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Clay Mathers (Author)


Brill
Pages: 308-332
Publication date: 2019
Language: English


Although conflict and conquista campaigns characterized many of the earliest encounters between Native and European groups in New Spain and La Florida, the transformation of objects, communities, and strategic policies in these areas was locally variable and changed dramatically by the close of the sixteenth century. Materials characteristic of these changes and variegated responses are found widely in the archaeological record of the American Southwest, but have seldom been explored for the insights they provide into broader anthropological themes such as resistance, exchange, and agency. While this study focuses on the fine-grained, contextual analysis of objects, its broader goal is to compare cultural trajectories at the regional and inter-regional scales, particularly the congruence and contrasts between the American Southwest and Southeast in the first century of New-Old World contact. Both areas transitioned from initial imperial strategies of acquisition and conflict, to policies of settlement and missionization by the end of the 1600s, and in both areas a similar suite of European objects was available. Nevertheless, the manner in which these objects were employed by Natives and Europeans varies significantly and in ways that reveal to us important aspects of the earliest Colonial encounters in North America

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Authors & Contributors
Corinne L. Hofman
Andrzej T. Antczak
Keehnen, Floris W.M.
Ette, Ottmar
Guerrero, Saúl
Humboldt, Alexander von
Journals
Galilæana: Journal of Galilean Studies
History and Technology
Osiris: A Research Journal Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences
International Journal of Historical Archaeology
Historical Archaeology
Publishers
Brill
University of California, Los Angeles
University of Chicago Press
Concepts
Cross-cultural interaction; cultural influence
Historical archaeology
Spain, colonies
Material culture
Indigenous peoples
Colonialism
People
Humboldt, Alexander von
Sigüenza y Góngora, Carlos de
Time Periods
16th century
17th century
15th century
19th century
Places
New Spain
Mexico
Hispaniola
Florida (U.S.)
Venezuela
Colombia
Institutions
Jesuits (Society of Jesus)
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