Article ID: CBB159224833

Julius Plücker – A path from geometry to optics (2023)

unapi

This paper evaluates possible reasons and motivations for 19th century geometer Julius Plücker's change in direction from his purely mathematical work to experimental physics. The author argues that this change did not happen suddenly in 1846 as is frequently suggested but rather, was a gradual change. This move took more than a decade and was triggered by Plücker's idea to apply his mathematical formalism to physical objects and phenomena, such as crystals and the trajectories of light in crystalline materials, a move which eventually led him to the newly discovered phenomena of diamagnetism. Zusammenfassung Diese Arbeit untersucht die Gründe und Motivation für die plötzliche Entscheidung des Geometers Julius Plücker die Zielsetzung seiner Forschungsarbeiten von der reinen analytischen Geometrie zur experimentellen Physik zu ändern. Die Arbeit versucht zu zeigen, dass dies nicht ein plötzlicher Wechsel im Jahre 1846 war, sondern auf eine allmähliche Veränderung der Interessen Plückers zurückging. Dieser Übergang trat über zehn Jahre ein, ausgelöst von Plückers Idee seinen mathematischen Formalismus auf physikalische Objekte und Phänomene anzuwenden, wie sie in der Kristallstruktur und dem Verhalten des Lichts in Kristallen zu finden waren. Dieser Wechsel führte ihn allmählich zur Untersuchung von neuen Entdeckungen, wie die des Diamagnetismus.

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Authors & Contributors
Darrigol, Olivier
Lorenat, Jemma
Michael Wiescher
Brazil, Marcus
Brock, William H.
Deng, Mingli
Journals
Archive for History of Exact Sciences
Historia Mathematica
Annals of Science: The History of Science and Technology
Apeiron: Journal for Ancient Philosophy and Science
European Physical Journal H
Historia Scientiarum: International Journal of the History of Science Society of Japan
Publishers
Hackett Publishing Company
Termessos
University of Pittsburgh Press
Concepts
Geometry
Physics
Mathematics
Optics
Mathematicians
Meteorology
People
Plücker, Julius
Descartes, René
Steiner, Jakob
Aristotle
Tyndall, John
Cayley, Arthur
Time Periods
19th century
17th century
Ancient
20th century, early
Places
Germany
Great Britain
Greece
Ireland
Institutions
Royal Institution of Great Britain
Royal Society of London
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