Chapter ID: CBB132369297

Rancherías: Historical Archaeology of Early Colonial Campsites on Margarita and Coche Islands, Venezuela (2019)

unapi

In the early 16th century, the islands of Margarita, Coche and Cubagua lay at the core of the so-called ‘Coast of Pearls’ in northeastern Venezuela. Cubagua hosted Nueva Cádiz, one of the earliest Spanish towns in South America, since 1528. Despite such precocious credentials, the understanding of early colonial realities on these islands has almost entirely relied on documentary sources with only a small contribution from archaeology. Excavations were carried out in Nueva Cádiz in the late 1950s, but the recovered materials were never studied comprehensively. The archaeological record of Margarita is largely outdated and unsystematic while Coche has never been surveyed archaeologically. Drawing from multiple sources of data, this paper sheds new light on the earliest colonial settlements established on these islands, referred to as rancherías, and on the nature of the intercultural dynamics that took place there. We analyze data obtained from recent archaeological surveys on Margarita and Coche, study museum collections of materials recovered in the 1950s, and draw from the database of the Venezuelan Islands Archaeology project. We analyze the ecology of the pearl oyster and finally compile documentary information. Specific sites on Margarita and Coche which yielded abundant 16th-century Spanish and other European ceramics, Amerindian pottery, and possibly intercultural hybrids, are discussed here. The contemporaneity of the Nueva Cádiz hub and the location of these campsites, close to the large pearl oyster beds, have been firmly established. These data reveal the beginnings of the early Spanish town of Nueva Cádiz and underscore the role of pearls and other material culture in the early colonial endeavors in northeastern Venezuela.

...More
Citation URI
data.isiscb.org/p/isis/citation/CBB132369297

This citation is part of the Isis database.

Similar Citations

Chapter Gilda Hernández Sánchez; (2019)
Indigenous Pottery Technology of Central Mexico during Early Colonial Times (/p/isis/citation/CBB529623737/) unapi

Chapter Joyce, Rosemary A.; Sheptak, Russell N.; (2019)
Hybrid Cultures: the Visibility of the European Invasion of Caribbean Honduras in the Sixteenth Century (/p/isis/citation/CBB976376984/) unapi

Chapter Keehnen, Floris W.M.; Corinne L. Hofman; Andrzej T. Antczak; (2019)
Material Encounters and Indigenous Transformations in the Early Colonial Americas (/p/isis/citation/CBB026628360/) unapi

Chapter Maxine Oland; (2019)
Epilogue Situating Colonial Interaction and Materials: Scale, Context, Theory (/p/isis/citation/CBB800655004/) unapi

Chapter Shannon Dugan Iverson; (2019)
Resignification as Fourth Narrative: Power and the Colonial Religious Experience in Tula, Hidalgo (/p/isis/citation/CBB746398762/) unapi

Chapter Corinne L. Hofman; Marlieke Ernst; (2019)
Breaking and Making Identities: Transformations of Ceramic Repertoires in Early Colonial Hispaniola (/p/isis/citation/CBB288141167/) unapi

Chapter Martijn van den Bel; Gérard Collomb; (2019)
‘Beyond the Falls’: Amerindian Stance towards New Encounters along the Wild Coast (ad 1595–1627) (/p/isis/citation/CBB478020155/) unapi

Chapter Corinne L. Hofman; Menno L.P. Hoogland; Arie Boomert; John Angus Martin; (2019)
Colonial Encounters in the Southern Lesser Antilles: Indigenous Resistance, Material Transformations, and Diversity in an Ever-Globalizing World (/p/isis/citation/CBB485138159/) unapi

Article Jerzy Piekalski; Jakub Sawicki; Paweł Duma; (2022)
Archaeology and Quality of Life in Central-European, Pre-Industrial Towns (Fourteenth to Eighteenth Centuries) (/p/isis/citation/CBB019920232/) unapi

Book Konrad A. Antczak; (2019)
Islands of salt : Historical archaeology of seafarers and things in the Venezuelan Caribbean, 1624-1880 (/p/isis/citation/CBB610726365/) unapi

Chapter Franz Scaramelli; Kay Scaramelli; (2019)
The Sword and the Stone: History, Identity, and Territoriality among the Mapoyo People of the Venezuelan Orinoco Region (/p/isis/citation/CBB495985943/) unapi

Chapter Alberto Sarcina; (2019)
Santa María de la Antigua del Darién: the Aftermath of Colonial Settlement (/p/isis/citation/CBB960739614/) unapi

Article M. Florencia Arias; Mariana Mondini; M. Alejandra Korstanje; (2023)
An Early Hispanic-Indigenous Contact Event at the Los Viscos Archaeological Site in the South-Central Andes: A Zooarchaeological Perspective (/p/isis/citation/CBB153257824/) unapi

Article Leonor Adán; Simón Urbina; Doina Munita; Rodrigo Mera; Marcelo Godoy; Margarita Alvarado; (2021)
Valdivia: Intercultural Relations along the Southern Frontier of the Spanish Empire in America during the Colonial Period (1552–1820) (/p/isis/citation/CBB906993205/) unapi

Chapter Roberto Valcárcel Rojas; (2019)
European Material Culture in Indigenous Sites in Northeastern Cuba (/p/isis/citation/CBB364591705/) unapi

Book Corinne L. Hofman; Keehnen, Floris W.M.; (2019)
Material encounters and indigenous transformations in the early colonial Americas : Archaeological case studies (/p/isis/citation/CBB612277282/) unapi

Article José del Rey Fajardo S.j; (2015)
The Role of Libraries in the Missionary Regions of Orinoquia (/p/isis/citation/CBB108052500/) unapi

Article Marta Amelia Timmons; Kelly J. Dixon; (2011)
Coloma Mining District: Gold Mining and Community in Western Montana's Garnet Range (/p/isis/citation/CBB580183452/) unapi

Authors & Contributors
Corinne L. Hofman
Keehnen, Floris W.M.
Joyce, Rosemary A.
Kelly J. Dixon
Franz Scaramelli
Shannon Dugan Iverson
Journals
International Journal of Historical Archaeology
Historical Archaeology
IA. The Journal of the Society for Industrial Archeology
Journal of Jesuit Studies
Publishers
Brill
University of New Mexico Press
Sidestone Press
Concepts
Historical archaeology
Cross-cultural interaction; cultural influence
Material culture
Spain, colonies
Indigenous peoples
Indigenous peoples; indigeneity
Time Periods
16th century
17th century
15th century
18th century
14th century
19th century
Places
Venezuela
Hispaniola
Central Europe
Chile
Mexico
Florida (U.S.)
Institutions
Jesuits (Society of Jesus)
Comments

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment