Thesis ID: CBB118830956

Organic Clinicians: Medicine, Sovereignty, and Sustainability in Eritrea, 1961-2022 (2023)


This dissertation focuses on the relationship between sovereignty and medicine in Eritrea through an examination of the vernacular medical infrastructure Eritreans devised to deliver victory in Eritrea’s armed struggle for independence against imperial Ethiopia (1961-1991) – the longest war in modern African history. This study examines how contemporary renderings of independence are shaped through lenses of injury, conflict, and medicine particularly concerning the evolution of medicine and infrastructure. At its core, this research seeks to answer the central question: what does framing independence through physical injury tell us about post-independence infrastructure? To address this question, this study harnesses historical data and ethnographic research, conducted in the central and southern regions of Eritrea as well as the United States Eritrean diaspora community. Unveiling the multi-layered understandings of injury, war, and medicine, this dissertation delves into the long history of foreign invasion and illness that generated a medical crisis in Eritrea and eventually spurred Eritreans’ liberation struggle. It archives and probes ad hoc clinical techniques Eritreans developed in the trenches of war, the local paradigm and practices of sustainability that defined the war effort, and how the domestic and diasporic political-medical geography that Eritreans forged during this period of war for liberation continues to inform statecraft in Eritrea. Ultimately, this dissertation yields insights about understandings of medicine and governance in Eritrea as a critique of colonial rule and the implications of Eritrea’s national independence as a political project amid competing geopolitical agendas in the Horn of Africa.

Citation URI

This citation is part of the Isis database.

Similar Citations

Book Trais Pearson; (2020)
Sovereign Necropolis: The Politics of Death in Semi-Colonial Siam (/p/isis/citation/CBB099369294/) unapi

Article David Jorge; Mark Derby; (2016)
Moisès Broggi I Vallès (1908–2012): Military Surgeon and Catalan Humanitarian (/p/isis/citation/CBB714674407/) unapi

Book Julie M. Feinsilver; David E. Apter; (1993)
Healing the Masses: Cuban Health Politics at Home and Abroad (/p/isis/citation/CBB703326652/) unapi

Book John M. Kirk; H. Michael Erisman; (2009)
Cuban Medical Internationalism: Origins, Evolution, and Goals (/p/isis/citation/CBB019661975/) unapi

Article Clarke, Morgan; (2007)
Children of the Revolution: Ali Khamenei's “Liberal” Views on in vitro Fertilization (/p/isis/citation/CBB001030948/) unapi

Article Oded Heilbronner; (2021)
The mentally ill and how they were perceived in young Israel (/p/isis/citation/CBB520900198/) unapi

Book Teresa Huguet-Termes; Christopher Bonfield; Jonathan Reinarz; (2013)
Hospitals and Communities, 1100-1960 (/p/isis/citation/CBB906780006/) unapi

Thesis Byerly, Carol R.; (2001)
The politics of disease and war: Infectious disease in the United States Army during World War I (/p/isis/citation/CBB001562595/) unapi

Book Bruns, Florian; (2009)
Medizinethik im Nationalsozialismus: Entwicklungen und Protagonisten in Berlin (1939--1945) (/p/isis/citation/CBB001021026/) unapi

Article James J. A. Blair; (2019)
South Atlantic universals: Science, sovereignty and self-determination in the Falkland Islands (Malvinas) (/p/isis/citation/CBB748597899/) unapi

Article John Krige; Sabina Leonelli; (2021)
Mobilizing the Transnational History of Knowledge Flows. COVID-19 and the Politics of Research at the Borders (/p/isis/citation/CBB670644303/) unapi

Chapter Michael Dillon; Sarah Dillon; (2020)
Artificial Intelligence and the Sovereign-Governance Game (/p/isis/citation/CBB714156693/) unapi

Book Dr Aashique Ahmed Iqbal; (2023)
The Aeroplane and the Making of Modern India (/p/isis/citation/CBB547914611/) unapi

Chapter Karl-Erik Michelsen; (2013)
An Uneasy Alliance: Negotiating Infrastructures at the Finnish-Soviet Border (/p/isis/citation/CBB153492277/) unapi

Article Ashley Carruthers; (December 2018)
Taking the Road for Play: Cyclist Appropriations of Automobile Infrastructures in Vietnam (/p/isis/citation/CBB728173630/) unapi

Article Hilary Brown; (June 2018)
Keeping the Lights On: A Comparison of Normal Accidents and High Reliability Organizations (/p/isis/citation/CBB642439933/) unapi

Authors & Contributors
Bruns, Florian
Byerly, Carol R.
Clarke, Morgan
Huguet-Termes, Teresa
Kirk, John M.
Krige, John G.
British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies
Bulletin of the History of Medicine
Environment and History
History and Technology
History of Psychiatry
IEEE Technology and Society Magazine
Oxford University Press
Cornell University Press
Franz Steiner Verlag
Palgrave Macmillan
Peter Lang
University of California Press
Medicine and politics
Medicine and the military; medicine in war
National sovereignty
Broggi, Moisès
Leckie, Ann
Time Periods
20th century, late
21st century
20th century
19th century
Great Britain
United States. Army
Research Data Alliance

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment