Article ID: CBB095371185

Fisheries’ collapse and the making of a global event, 1950s–1970s (2018)

unapi

This article analyses three fisheries crises in the post-war world – the Far East Asian Kamchatka salmon in the late 1950s, the north Atlantic Atlanto-Scandian herring of the late 1960s, and the Peruvian anchoveta of the early 1970s – to understand how each instance came to be understood as a ‘collapse’ in widely differing contexts and institutional settings, and how these crises led to changes in practices of natural resource administration and in politico-economic structures of the fishing industry. Fishery collapses were broadly understood as state failures and, in response, individual states increasingly claimed sovereignty over fish stocks and the responsibility to administer their exploitation. Collapses thus became events critical in the remaking of management regimes. Furthermore, the concept of a fisheries collapse was reconfigured in the 1970s into a global issue, representing the possible future threat of depletion of the oceans on a planetary scale.

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Authors & Contributors
Hubbard, Jennifer Mary
Bavington, Dean
Bennett, Brett M.
Black, Brian C.
Finley, Carmel
Grasso, Glenn M.
Journals
Environmental History
Environment and History
Isis: International Review Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences
Journal of Canadian Studies
Science as Culture
Science, Technology, and Human Values
Publishers
Harvard University Asia Center
Michigan State University Press
Oregon State University Press
Oxford University Press
Rowman & Littlefield
The MIT Press
Concepts
Natural resource management
Fisheries; fishing
Environmental history
Science and politics
Global history
Environmental sciences
People
Huxley, Thomas Henry
Time Periods
19th century
20th century
21st century
18th century
20th century, early
Qing dynasty (China, 1644-1912)
Places
Canada
China
Italy
United States
Atlantic Ocean
California (U.S.)
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