Article ID: CBB049297187

In between Mental Evolution and Unconscious Memory: Lamarckism, Darwinism, and Professionalism in Late Victorian Britain (2017)

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In 1884 Samuel Butler published a collection of essays entitled Remarks on George Romanes’ Mental Evolution, where he attempted to show how Romanes’ idea of mental evolution presented similarities with his theory of unconscious memory. By looking at Romanes’ work through Butler’s writing, this article will reevaluate some aspects of their works regarding the complex debate about memory, heredity, and instinct. This paper will explore the main differences and similarities between Romanes’ science and Butler’s writing on science both in terms of their ideas and contents. It will then look into their different professional relationships with Darwin and how this determined the professional and public reception of their theories.

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Authors & Contributors
Forsdyke, Donald Roy
Schwartz, Joel S.
Amigoni, David
Baldwin, Melinda Clare
Burkhardt, Frederick
Darwin, Charles Robert
Journals
Journal of the History of Biology
Centaurus: International Magazine of the History of Mathematics, Science, and Technology
Endeavour: Review of the Progress of Science
History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
History of Psychology
History of the Human Sciences
Publishers
University of Chicago
Cambridge University Press
Bloomsbury Academic
Lightning Rod Press at the American Philosophical Society
McGill-Queen's University Press
Thoemmes
Concepts
Instinct
Evolution
Psychology
Heredity
Correspondence and corresponding
Darwinism
People
Darwin, Charles Robert
Romanes, George John
Butler, Samuel
Wallace, Alfred Russel
Bateson, William
Gray, Asa
Time Periods
19th century
20th century
20th century, early
Places
Great Britain
England
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