Article ID: CBB030116616

The Joint European Torus (JET) (2018)


This paper addresses the history of JET, the Tokamak that reached the highest performances and the experiment that so far came closest to the eventual goal of a fusion reactor. The reader must be warned, however, that this document is not a comprehensive study of controlled thermonuclear fusion or even of JET. The next step on this road, the ITER project, is an experimental reactor. Actually, several prototypes will be required before a commercial reactor can be built. The fusion history is far from been finalised. JET is still in operation some 32 years after the first plasma and still has to provide answers to many questions before ITER takes the lead on research. Some physical interpretations of the observed phenomena, although coherent, are still under discussion. This paper also recalls some basic physics concepts necessary to the understanding of confinement: a knowledgeable reader can ignore these background sections. This fascinating story, comprising successes and failures, is imbedded in the complexities of twentieth and the early twenty-first centuries at a time when world globalization is evolving and the future seems loaded with questions. The views here expressed on plasma confinement are solely those of the author. This is especially the case for magnetic turbulence, for which other scientists may have different views.

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Article Patrick H. Diamond; Uriel Frisch; Yves Pomeau (2018) Editorial introduction to the special issue “Plasma physics in the 20th century as told by players”. European Physical Journal H (pp. 337-353). unapi

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Authors & Contributors
Berridge, Virginia
Haerendel, Gerhard
Linthorst, Johan Alfredo
McCray, W. Patrick
Pomeau, Yves
Wagner, Francis S.
European Physical Journal H
History and Technology
Science as Culture
British Journal for the History of Science
Centaurus: International Magazine of the History of Mathematics, Science, and Technology
History of the Human Sciences
Oxford University Press
Plasma physics
Nuclear fusion
Public health
Medicine and society
International cooperation
Kunioki Mima
Akira Hasegawa
Time Periods
20th century, late
21st century
20th century
United Kingdom
United States

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