Article ID: CBB001214611

Advice for Improving Memory: Exercising, Strengthening, and Cultivating Natural Memory, 1860--1910 (2014)

unapi

Collins, Alan F. (Author)


Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
Volume: 50, no. 1
Issue: 1
Pages: 37-57
Publication date: 2014
Language: English


The idea that human memory can be improved appears to be as ancient as the concept of memory itself. For centuries, authors have promised that using artificial mnemonical systems can improve remembering. However, in the late nineteenth century many authors of memory improvement texts emphasized the importance of enhancing natural memory as opposed to developing artificial memory systems. In doing so, they portrayed natural memory as something analogous to other body functions and parts, such as muscles, and promoted a metaphorical view of memory that did not rely wholly on the more familiar root metaphors of storage and inscription. At the same time, they stressed that natural memory could be reconciled with moral purposes, especially through notions of exercise, training, and discipline. This article explores these ideas and how they chimed with Victorian concerns about free will, the education of the young, moral imperatives around self-improvement, and the increasing interest in science and especially a science of the mind.

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Authors & Contributors
Perletti, Greta
Berrios, German E.
Dacome, Lucia
Gerson, Gal
Hodgkin, Katharine
Jorgensena, Larry M.
Journals
19: Interdisciplinary Studies in the Long Nineteenth Century
Dianoia: Annali di storia della filosofia
History of Psychiatry
History of Psychology
Journal for Eighteenth-Century Studies
Journal of the History of Ideas
Publishers
Yale University
Cambridge University Press
Edizioni ETS
Psychology Press
University of Chicago Press
Virginia Polytechnic Institute
Concepts
Psychology
Philosophy of mind
Memory
Philosophy
Philosophy of science
Science and literature
People
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm von
Locke, John
Baldwin, James Mark
Bruno, Giordano
Derrida, Jacques
Descartes, René
Time Periods
19th century
20th century, early
18th century
17th century
20th century
16th century
Places
Great Britain
Germany
Austro-hungary
Europe
France
Japan
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