Chapter ID: CBB996690754

Mathematics (2016)


The Greek tradition of pure mathematics is significantly distinct from the extant sciences as a whole. The latter, however, is strongly marked as a literary genre constituted by the use of diagram and reliance of a restricted, formulaic language, a genre stable throughout antiquity. While the rules of the genre are stable, it was pursued primarily in two relatively early networks: of the mid-fourth century BCE, and then in the late third century BCE. The two networks pursued different projects. Very briefly: the first network classified ratios; the second network measured figures. The emphasis on systems of classification marks the more philosophical context of the first network, while the isolated results of the second network mark a more self-contained group of practitioners, outdoing each other in their brilliance. The second network dominates the surviving Greek mathematical literature; the first network dominated ancient philosophical perceptions of mathematics.

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Authors & Contributors
Zellini, Paolo
Nikolantonakis, Konstantinos
Marco Andreatta
Tarantino, Piero
Francaviglia, Mauro
Benedetto Scoppola
Technai, An International Journal for Ancient Science and Technology
Bollettino di Storia delle Scienze Matematiche
Suhayl: Journal for the History of the Exact and Natural Sciences in Islamic Civilisation
Science in Context
Kwartalnik Historii Nauki i Techniki
Indian Journal of History of Science
Edizioni Cadmo
Il Mulino
Edizioni di Storia e Letteratura
E&FN Spon
Carocci Editore
Ratio and proportion
Arab/Islamic world, civilization and culture
Philo the Dialectician
Theaetetus of Athens
Time Periods
Early modern
17th century
10th century
Ancient Near and Middle East: Egypt, Sumer, Babylon, Assyria, Mesopotamia, Palestine, Persia
Mediterranean region

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