Article ID: CBB996688499

Beyond torture: Knowledge and power at the nexus of social science and national security (2022)


In the wake of revelations about the American Psychological Association's complicity in the military's enhanced interrogation program, some psychologists have called upon the association to sever its ties to national security agencies. But psychology's relationship to the military is no short-term fling born of the War on Terror. This article demonstrates that psychology's close relationship to national security agencies and interests has long been a visible and consequential feature of the discipline. Drawing on social scientific debates about the relationship between national security agencies and the social sciences in the late 1960s and early 1970s, this article also provides cautionary lessons for psychologists confronting the torture controversy. It concludes that an ethically robust response to this controversy requires that psychologists engage in a sustained reckoning with the powerful institutional, epistemological, and financial incentives that have bound the discipline to the military and intelligence communities since World War I.

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Article Nadine Weidman (2022) Introduction: The Hoffman Report in historical context. History of the Human Sciences (pp. 3-6). unapi

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Authors & Contributors
Coeckelbergh, Mark
Rayzberg, Margarita S.
Lawrence P. Rockwood
Crooks, Roderic N.
Galloway, Gerard E., Jr.
Pablo Gomez
History of the Human Sciences
Science, Technology, and Human Values
IEEE Technology and Society Magazine
The Bridge: Journal of the National Academy of Engineering
Peace and Change: A Journal of Peace Research
Oxford University Press
Johns Hopkins University Press
Cornell University Press
American Psychological Association
Social sciences
Psychology and war
Professional ethics
Weil, Vivian
Weinberg, Alvin Martin
Winch, Peter
Whitbeck, Caroline
Luce, Robert Duncan
Kitcher, Phillip
Time Periods
21st century
20th century, late
20th century
15th century
United States
American Psychological Association
United States. Department of Defense
United States. Central Intelligence Agency

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