Article ID: CBB995042602

The Gibraltar Skull: Early History, 1848–1868 (2018)


The Gibraltar Skull is Gibraltar's most celebrated fossil and the first adult Neanderthal skull ever found. Very little is known about its discovery and history while it was in Gibraltar. The skull was sent to London in 1864. There it formed a key component in the debates about human evolution and especially how Neanderthal 1, the Feldhofer skull, was understood. As such, it was instrumental in initiating the new field of palaeoanthropology. This paper draws on published and unpublished, primary sources to re-evaluate the early history of the Gibraltar Skull and provides fresh interpretations of this history.

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Authors & Contributors
Kjaergaard, Peter C.
Madison, Paige
Goulden, Murray
Schmalzer, Sigrid
Pettitt, Paul B.
White, Mark J.
History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
Science as Culture
Notes and Records: The Royal Society Journal of the History of Science
Dynamis: Acta Hispanica ad Medicinae Scientiarumque Historiam Illustrandam
Isis: International Review Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences
Science in Context
University of Chicago Press
Oxford University Press
Wallstein Verlag
Princeton University
Human evolution
Physical anthropology
Dubois, Eugène
Tobias, Phillip V.
Mayr, Ernst
Crusafont Pairó, Miquel
Gibert, Josep
Carbonell, Eudald
Time Periods
19th century
20th century
20th century, early
21st century
18th century
Great Britain
London (England)
East Asia
Catalonia (Spain)
Scandinavia; Nordic countries
Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin
Geological Society of London

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