Book ID: CBB977153973

One Hundred Years of Pressure: Hydrostatics from Stevin to Newton (2017)

unapi

Chalmers, Alan Francis (Author)


Springer


Publication Date: 2017
Physical Details: 197 pages
Language: English

This monograph investigates the development of hydrostatics as a science. In the process, it sheds new light on the nature of science and its origins in the Scientific Revolution. Readers will come to see that the history of hydrostatics reveals subtle ways in which the science of the seventeenth century differed from previous periods. The key, the author argues, is the new insights into the concept of pressure that emerged during the Scientific Revolution. This came about due to contributions from such figures as Simon Stevin, Pascal, Boyle and Newton. The author compares their work with Galileo and Descartes, neither of whom grasped the need for a new conception of pressure. As a result, their contributions to hydrostatics were unproductive. The story ends with Newton insofar as his version of hydrostatics set the subject on its modern course. He articulated a technical notion of pressure that was up to the task. Newton compared the mathematical way in hydrostatics and the experimental way, and sided with the former. The subtleties that lie behind Newton's position throws light on the way in which developments in seventeenth-century science simultaneously involved mathematization and experimentation.This book serves as an example of the degree of conceptual change that new sciences often require. It will be of interest to those involved in the study of history and philosophy of science. It will also appeal to physicists as well as interested general readers.

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Reviewed By

Review Peter Dear (2019) Review of "One Hundred Years of Pressure: Hydrostatics from Stevin to Newton". Metascience: An International Review Journal for the History, Philosophy and Social Studies of Science (pp. 187-191). unapi

Review Fokko Jan Dijksterhuis (2019) Review of "One Hundred Years of Pressure: Hydrostatics from Stevin to Newton". Metascience: An International Review Journal for the History, Philosophy and Social Studies of Science (pp. 181-186). unapi

Review Alan Chalmers (2019) Review of "One Hundred Years of Pressure: Hydrostatics from Stevin to Newton". Metascience: An International Review Journal for the History, Philosophy and Social Studies of Science (pp. 197-202). unapi

Review Keith Hutchison (2019) Review of "One Hundred Years of Pressure: Hydrostatics from Stevin to Newton". Metascience: An International Review Journal for the History, Philosophy and Social Studies of Science (pp. 193-196). unapi

Review Peter Heering (2018) Review of "One Hundred Years of Pressure: Hydrostatics from Stevin to Newton". Science and Education (pp. 1025-1027). unapi

Review John Schuster (2018) Review of "One Hundred Years of Pressure: Hydrostatics from Stevin to Newton". Annals of Science: The History of Science and Technology (pp. 145-148). unapi

Citation URI
https://data.isiscb.org/isis/citation/CBB977153973/

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Authors & Contributors
Nauenberg, Michael
Hammond, Nicholas
Cook, Margaret G.
Kraus, Pamela A.
Flaumenhaft, Harvey
Shapiro, A. E.
Journals
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
History of Science
Circumscribere: International Journal for the History of Science
Monist: An International Quarterly Journal of General Philosophical Inquiry
Eighteenth-Century Studies
Archive for History of Exact Sciences
Publishers
St. John's College
World Scientific
Cambridge University Press
Science History Publications
WIT
Oxford University Press
Concepts
Physics
Experiments and experimentation
Mathematics
Philosophy
Natural philosophy
Optics
People
Newton, Isaac
Boyle, Robert
Pascal, Blaise
Stevin, Simon
Bacon, Francis, 1st Baron Verulam
Kepler, Johannes
Time Periods
17th century
18th century
16th century
Renaissance
20th century, early
Places
Great Britain
Belgium
England
Institutions
Royal Society of London
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