Article ID: CBB973730328

Lives and Afterlives of the Lithophylacii Britannici Ichnographia (1699), The First Illustrated Field Guide to English Fossils (2018)


The Lithophylacii Britannicii ichnographia [British figured stones] (1699) by Edward Lhwyd, the second keeper of the Ashmolean Museum, was the first illustrated field guide to English fossils. We analyse this book’s physical creation – the collection of specimens, their engravings and their use and reuse in eighteenth-century editions and collections that were in the transition to binomial taxonomy. With particular concentration on the Lithophylacii’s illustrations of fossils, this paper will first analyse how the specimens were collected. We will then examine the use of these specimens and subsequent editions of Lhwyd’s book, with a focus upon how the relationship between them was drawn on by collectors such as Sir Hans Sloane and Daniel Solander from 1680 to 1760. Finally, we will demonstrate how Ashmolean Keeper William Huddesford repurposed the illustrations for Lhwyd’s book for his eighteenth-century edition of the field guide, incorporating new classificatory schemes. Our analysis will give insight into how a late seventeenth-century book of natural philosophy was used and repurposed by natural historians and collectors before and during the development of Linnaean taxonomy.

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Article Luca Ciancio; Domenico Laurenza (2018) Visual Representation in Earth Sciences History after “The Emergence”: Introduction. Nuncius: Annali di Storia della Scienza (pp. 397-414). unapi

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Authors & Contributors
Findlen, Paula
Williams, R. B.
Roberts, Brynley F.
Riley, Margaret
Raat, Alexander J. P.
Pyenson, Lewis R.
Archives of Natural History
Endeavour: Review of the Progress of Science
William and Mary Quarterly
Tidsskrift for kulturforskning
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Spontaneous Generations
University of Texas at Austin
University of Wales Press
National Library of Australia
Éditions du Seuil
Natural history
Visual representation; visual communication
Science and art
Sloane, Hans
Merian, Maria Sibylla
Bowerbank, James Scott (1797-1877)
Bartoli, Pietro Santi
Swammerdam, Jan
Scilla, Agostino
Time Periods
18th century
17th century
19th century
Early modern
20th century
16th century
Great Britain
United Kingdom
Utrecht (Netherlands)
London (England)
Oxford Botanic Garden
Natural History Museum (London, England)
Dutch East India Company
Ashmolean Museum, Oxford

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