Article ID: CBB973730328

Lives and Afterlives of the Lithophylacii Britannici Ichnographia (1699), The First Illustrated Field Guide to English Fossils (2018)

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The Lithophylacii Britannicii ichnographia [British figured stones] (1699) by Edward Lhwyd, the second keeper of the Ashmolean Museum, was the first illustrated field guide to English fossils. We analyse this book’s physical creation – the collection of specimens, their engravings and their use and reuse in eighteenth-century editions and collections that were in the transition to binomial taxonomy. With particular concentration on the Lithophylacii’s illustrations of fossils, this paper will first analyse how the specimens were collected. We will then examine the use of these specimens and subsequent editions of Lhwyd’s book, with a focus upon how the relationship between them was drawn on by collectors such as Sir Hans Sloane and Daniel Solander from 1680 to 1760. Finally, we will demonstrate how Ashmolean Keeper William Huddesford repurposed the illustrations for Lhwyd’s book for his eighteenth-century edition of the field guide, incorporating new classificatory schemes. Our analysis will give insight into how a late seventeenth-century book of natural philosophy was used and repurposed by natural historians and collectors before and during the development of Linnaean taxonomy.

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Article Luca Ciancio; Domenico Laurenza (2018) Visual Representation in Earth Sciences History after “The Emergence”: Introduction. Nuncius: Annali di Storia della Scienza (pp. 397-414). unapi

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Authors & Contributors
Bleichmar, Daniela
Anderson, Gemma
Delbourgo, James
Edgington, John
Etheridge, Kay
Fissell, Mary Elizabeth
Journals
Archives of Natural History
Endeavour: Review of the Progress of Science
Colonial Latin American Review
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences
Leonardo
Spontaneous Generations
Publishers
Princeton University
Natural History Museum (London, England)
Ashgate
National Library of Australia
University of Wales Press
Verloren
Concepts
Natural history
Visual representation; visual communication
Illustrations
Science and art
Scientific illustration
Botany
People
Sloane, Hans
Merian, Maria Sibylla
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von
Hoefnagel, Joris
Lhwyd, Edward
Linnaeus, Carolus
Time Periods
18th century
17th century
19th century
16th century
20th century
Early modern
Places
Great Britain
England
Australia
East Indies
Germany
Netherlands
Institutions
Ashmolean Museum, Oxford
Dutch East India Company
Natural History Museum (London, England)
Oxford Botanic Garden
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