Book ID: CBB960330174

Subalternity vs. Hegemony, Cuba's Outstanding Achievements in Science and Biotechnology, 1959-2014 (2016)

unapi

Baracca, Angelo (Author)
Franconi, Rosella (Author)


Springer


Publication Date: 2016
Physical Details: 110 pages
Language: English

The present book introduces an original (new) perspective on Cuba. This book revisits Cuba's choice, after the 1959 revolution, to develop an advanced healthcare and scientific system. It also introduces new aspects of the problem development/underdevelopment. From the start, every effort of the Cuban leadership and scientific community was driven by the primary purpose of meeting the country’s basic economic and social needs. Immediate key measures taken after the revolution included free education up to  higher levels and free health services. In only a couple of decades Third World diseases were defeated and a First World health profile was achieved. In the sciences, support and collaboration was sought and welcomed from both Soviet and western countries. Moreover, due to the backward position of the Soviet Union in genetics and molecular biology, in the early 1970s Cuban scientists were trained in these fields mainly by Italian biologists. In the following decade, initially relying on contacts with American and Finnish specialists, Cuban biologists and physicians built a large industrial biotechnology complex to produce and commercialize Cuban-made, and often invented, medicines and vaccines.In the early 1990s the sudden collapse of the Soviet Union and the socialist market created an unprecedented challenge. Yet Cuba’s scientific system substantially resiled, despite unavoidable setbacks. This crisis was faced by confirming and reinforcing government support for biotechnology, with the result that today Cuba excels at a global level in the typical capital-intensive field of biotechnology.While this book is especially devoted to historians of science and technology and to biotechnologists, it is of interest to the general public.

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Reviewed By

Review Megan Raby (2017) Review of "Subalternity vs. Hegemony, Cuba's Outstanding Achievements in Science and Biotechnology, 1959-2014". Isis: International Review Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences (pp. 742-743). unapi

Citation URI
https://data.isiscb.org/isis/citation/CBB960330174/

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Authors & Contributors
Burchell, Kevin
Dooren, Thom Van
Oury, Jean-Paul
Kim, Eun-Sung
Cuevas-Badallo, Ana
Vermaas, Pieter E.
Journals
Science as Culture
História, Ciências, Saúde---Manguinhos
Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
British Journal for the History of Science
Business History Review
Publishers
Presses Universitaires de France
Springer
Duke University Press
Temple University
Palgrave Macmillan
University Press of Florida
Concepts
Biotechnology
Agriculture
Genetic engineering
Biology and ethics; bioethics
Genetically modified foods (GMO)
Controversies and disputes
People
Kerr, Roy Patrick
Time Periods
21st century
20th century, late
20th century
Places
Cuba
United States
Brazil
France
Hong Kong
Institutions
Human Genome Project
United States. Patent Office
Du Pont Company
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