Article ID: CBB952708717

Galileo, Descartes and Newton's Laws (2020)

unapi

The debate on the influence of Galileo in the formulation of Newton's laws in the Principia has naturally extended to the study of manuscripts from the period 1664-1684. Almost all scholars tend to minimize this influence and to highlight that of Descartes. However, Newton's texts show an original form of the first law and the definition of the "vis insita" that refer to the conception of a principle of conservation of motion as dynamic activity rather than a principle of inertia. This can be linked to the perspective of Galileo, which is in no way comparable to a conceptualization of inertia and which is bound to the ancient Greek philosophy of atomism. The inertial perspective manifested itself when the influence of Descartes on Newton prevailed over that of Galileo. Inertia is linked to the revival of an Aristotelian theme that favours the preservation of rest and that in the physics of Descartes and then of Newton would merge with the atomistic theme of the conservation of motion. Newton’s second law of motion drew on Galileo’s theory that the gravitational acceleration of falling bodies does not depend on their mass.

...More
Citation URI
https://data.isiscb.org/isis/citation/CBB952708717/

Similar Citations

Article Andrew Janiak; (2015)
Space and Motion in Nature and Scripture: Galileo, Descartes, Newton (/isis/citation/CBB462811041/)

Chapter Roux, Sophie; (2006)
Découvrir le principe d'inertie (/isis/citation/CBB001024285/)

Article Schemmel, Matthias; (2014)
Medieval Representations of Change and Their Early Modern Application (/isis/citation/CBB001201190/)

Article Palmerino, Carla Rita; (2011)
The Isomorphism of Space, Time and Matter in Seventeenth-Century Natural Philosophy (/isis/citation/CBB001220180/)

Article Antonia LoLordo; (2015)
Copernicus, Epicurus, Galileo, and Gassendi (/isis/citation/CBB475586736/)

Article Carla Rita Palmerino; (2020)
Galileo 'philosopher geometer' and his influence on Charleton, Barrow and Keill (/isis/citation/CBB406064217/)

Article Gómez López, Susana; (2008)
The Mechanization of Light in Galilean Science (/isis/citation/CBB000931294/)

Article Graney, Christopher M.; (2011)
Contra Galileo: Riccioli's “Coriolis-Force” Argument on the Earth's Diurnal Rotation (/isis/citation/CBB001036131/)

Article Norton, John D.; Roberts, Bryan W.; (2012)
Galileo's Refutation of the Speed-Distance Law of Fall Rehabilitated (/isis/citation/CBB001232518/)

Thesis Van Dyck, Maarten; (2006)
An Archaeology of Galileo's Science of Motion (/isis/citation/CBB001561492/)

Article Janiak, Andrew; (2010)
Substance and Action in Descartes and Newton (/isis/citation/CBB001221446/)

Article Platt, Andrew R.; (2011)
Divine Activity and Motive Power in Descartes's Physics (/isis/citation/CBB001035113/)

Book Lawrence M. Principe; (2023)
La rivoluzione scientifica: Una brevissima introduzione (/isis/citation/CBB487963756/)

Chapter Enrico Giannetto; (2009)
La Fisica di Spinoza fra Descartes e Newton e la sua influenza su Einstein (/isis/citation/CBB550074250/)

Article Janiak, Andrew; (2013)
Metaphysics and Natural Philosophy in Descartes and Newton (/isis/citation/CBB001320862/)

Thesis Miller, David Marshall; (2006)
Representations of Space in Seventeenth-Century Physics (/isis/citation/CBB001561656/)

Book Hetherington, Norriss S.; (2006)
Planetary Motions: A Historical Perspective (/isis/citation/CBB000700848/)

Article Antonio Clericuzio; (2018)
Gassendi and the English Mechanical Philosophers (/isis/citation/CBB990799390/)

Article DiSalle, Robert; (2013)
The Transcendental Method from Newton to Kant (/isis/citation/CBB001320267/)

Authors & Contributors
Janiak, Andrew
Palmerino, Carla Rita
Clericuzio, Antonio
DiSalle, Robert
Giannetto, Enrico
Gómez López, Susana
Journals
Galilæana: Journal of Galilean Studies
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
Foundations of Science
British Journal for the History of Philosophy
Bruniana & Campanelliana: Ricerche Filosofiche e Materiali Storico-testuali
Centaurus: International Magazine of the History of Mathematics, Science, and Technology
Publishers
University of Pittsburgh
Greenwood Press
Guaraldi
Mimesis
Universiteit Gent (Belgium)
Concepts
Physics
Natural philosophy
Motion (physical)
Atomism
Mathematics
Philosophy of science
People
Galilei, Galileo
Descartes, René
Newton, Isaac
Gassendi, Pierre
Copernicus, Nicolaus
Kepler, Johannes
Time Periods
17th century
16th century
18th century
20th century
Renaissance
Early modern
Places
Europe
England
Italy
Comments

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment