Article ID: CBB939649998

A Gateway to Ocean Circulation: Surveillance and Sovereignty at Gibraltar (2016)


Skip to Next Section The Strait of Gibraltar has a long tradition of political and scientific uniqueness. Twentieth-century submarine warfare added the ocean’s depth as a new dimension for those wanting to control and understand the Strait. During the Cold War the surveillance of this chokepoint became urgent and entangled with local disputes predating the two-blocs conflict, in particular the sovereignty of Gibraltar for which Spain and the United Kingdom competed. This paper explores a number of transnational research programs on ocean dynamics at the Strait and discovers a network of collaborating researchers who used, and went beyond, international institutions such the International Geophysical Year and NATO. In the process, the Western Mediterranean was constructed as a key maritime place for global ocean circulation, both as a factor to North Atlantic convection and as a model through which to understand it.

Citation URI

Similar Citations

Article Lino Camprubí; (2018)
Experiencing Deep and Global Currents at a ‘prototypical Strait’, 1870s and 1980s (/isis/citation/CBB157169284/)

Book Krzysztalowicz, Marek; (2012)
Type VII: Germany's Most Successful U-Boats (/isis/citation/CBB001422441/)

Book Alan C. Carey; (2019)
Sighted Sub, Sank Same: The United States Navy’s Air Campaign against the U-Boat (/isis/citation/CBB471559853/)

Article White, Michael; Polmar, Norman; (Winter 2011)
Top Secret: Project Azorian (/isis/citation/CBB908981908/)

Book Samuel A. Robinson; (2018)
Ocean Science and the British Cold War State (/isis/citation/CBB213695671/)

Article Hamblin, Jacob Darwin; (2000)
Science in isolation: American marine geophysics research, 1950-1968 (/isis/citation/CBB000110691/)

Book Althoff, William F.; (2007)
Drift Station: Arctic Outposts of Superpower Science (/isis/citation/CBB000772047/)

Book Spiers, Edward M.; (2010)
A History of Chemical and Biological Weapons (/isis/citation/CBB001033355/)

Book Williams, Hill; (2011)
Made in Hanford: The Bomb That Changed the World (/isis/citation/CBB001211601/)

Article Berger Ziauddin; Marti, Sibylle; (2020)
Life after the Bomb: Nuclear Fear, Science, and Security Politics in Switzerland in the 1980s (/isis/citation/CBB587905950/)

Book Hamblin, Jacob Darwin; (2005)
Oceanographers and the Cold War: Disciples of Marine Science (/isis/citation/CBB000550702/)

Thesis Hamblin, Jacob Darwin; (2001)
Oceanography and international cooperation during the early Cold War (/isis/citation/CBB001562607/)

Book Wolmar, Christian; (2010)
Engines of War: How Wars Were Won and Lost on the Railways (/isis/citation/CBB001033462/)

Book Gat, Azar; (2001)
A history of military thought: From the enlightenment to the Cold War (/isis/citation/CBB000100037/)

Book Nicholas Michael Sambaluk; (2015)
The Other Space Race: Eisenhower and the Quest for Aerospace Security (/isis/citation/CBB873284440/)

Article Karamouzi, Eirini; Chourchoulis, Dionysios; (2019)
Troublemaker or peacemaker? Andreas Papandreou, the Euromissile Crisis, and the policy of peace, 1981–86 (/isis/citation/CBB063853984/)

Article Gretchen Heefner; (January 2017)
“A Fighter Pilot’s Heaven”: Finding Cold War Utility in the North African Desert (/isis/citation/CBB630202577/)

Authors & Contributors
Hamblin, Jacob Darwin
Gat, Azar
Hiroshi, Ichikawa
Althoff, William F.
Spiers, Edward M.
Wolmar, Christian
Cold War History
Physics in Perspective
Historia Scientiarum: International Journal of the History of Science Society of Japan
Air Power History
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
Environmental History
Naval Institute Press
Oxford University Press
University of Washington Press
Potomac Books
Reaktion Books
Cold War
Technology and war; technology and the military
World War II
Military technology
Papandreou, Andreas
Carpenter, William Benjamin
Eisenhower, Dwight David
Time Periods
20th century
19th century
18th century
United States
Soviet Union
Polar regions
Hanford Nuclear Site (Washington)
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
United States Navy
United States Air Force
United States. Central Intelligence Agency

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment