Book ID: CBB934074201

Lettere (1713-1714) (2023)

unapi

Tra il 1713 e il 1714 si svolge un breve scambio epistolare tra Nicolas Malebranche, considerato allora il maggior filosofo di Francia, e Jean-Jacques Dortous de Mairan, giovane e promettente studioso, destinato a un brillante futuro di divulgatore scientifico. Dortous de Mairan ammira il grande Malebranche, il cui pensiero ha sapientemente coniugato cartesianismo e cristianesimo, razionalismo e professione di fede, ma ha anche letto l’Ethica di Spinoza, rimanendo particolarmente colpito dal rigore delle argomentazioni. Chiede allora al suo corrispondente una confutazione dello spinozismo altrettanto rigorosa e, soprattutto, argomenta lungamente quella che percepisce come una pericolosa prossimità del pensiero del ‘cristiano’ Malebranche a quello dell’‘ateo’ Spinoza nel riferimento che entrambi fanno a Dio dell’«estensione», ovvero dell’essenza stessa della materia. Pur riluttante a parlare di un filosofo verso cui prova solo «avversione», Malebranche si vede infine costretto a esprimersi puntualmente, per difendere la sua innovativa teologia razionale dall’accusa di essere sull’orlo del «precipizio» dell’ateismo e del materialismo. [Abstract translated by DeepL Translator: This is the abstract in English… Between 1713 and 1714, a brief exchange of correspondence took place between Nicolas Malebranche, then considered the greatest philosopher in France, and Jean-Jacques Dortous de Mairan, a young and promising scholar, destined for a bright future as a popularizer of science. Dortous de Mairan admired the great Malebranche, whose thought skillfully combined Cartesianism and Christianity, rationalism and profession of faith, but he also read Spinoza's Ethica and was particularly impressed by the rigor of the arguments. He then asks his correspondent for a similarly rigorous refutation of Spinozism and, above all, argues at length for what he perceives as a dangerous proximity of the thought of the 'Christian' Malebranche to that of the 'atheist' Spinoza in the reference they both make to God's "extension," that is, the very essence of matter. Although reluctant to speak of a philosopher toward whom he feels only "aversion," Malebranche is finally compelled to speak out on time in order to defend his innovative rational theology from the accusation that it stands on the brink of the "precipice" of atheism and materialism.]

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Authors & Contributors
Gierl, Martin
Clark, William
Giovanni Cristiani
Fraenkel, Carlos
Roe, Shirley A.
Gaukroger, Stephen W.
Journals
British Journal for the History of Philosophy
Aleph: Historical Studies in Science and Judaism
Almagest
History of European Ideas
Mefisto: Rivista di medicina, filosofia, storia
Publishers
Olschki
Città del Silenzio
Franco Angeli
Guaraldi
Edizioni Anicia
Oxford University Press
Concepts
Philosophy
Natural philosophy
Theology
Critical editions
Science and religion
Translations
People
Spinoza, Baruch
Descartes, René
Newton, Isaac
Vallisneri, Antonio
Holbach, Paul Henri Dietrich, Baron d'
Crescas, Hasdaï ben Abraham
Time Periods
18th century
17th century
Enlightenment
20th century
Medieval
19th century
Places
France
Italy
Great Britain
Germany
Europe
Naples (Italy)
Institutions
Ikhwān al-Ṣafā (Brethren of Purity)
Comments

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