Book ID: CBB927290274

Menaces sur l'alimentation: emballages, colorants et autres contaminants alimentaires, XIXe-XXIe siècles (Threats to food: packaging, colorants and other food contaminants, 19th - 20th centuries) (2019)

unapi

Au XIXe siècle, des innovations majeures révolutionnent la conservation des aliments ; on invente des matériaux d'emballage et des additifs alimentaires de synthèse. Ces progrès induisent toutefois de nouvelles menaces sur l'alimentation, telles que des intoxications par des substances nouvelles, ou des fraudes avérées pour tromper le consommateur. Dans les pays industrialisés, les pouvoirs publics et scientifiques engagent alors une lutte commune qui débouche, à l'issue d'un long processus, sur une régulation et sur la création, après 1945, d'organismes supranationaux comme la FAO. À la croisée des cultures de l'alimentation et de la toxicologie, ce livre nous parle de la sécurité alimentaire au travers de nombreux cas emblématiques et fascinants tels que l'arrivée progressive des colorants, le développement de l'usage de la cellophane, ou encore l'utilisation de l'aluminium dans la levure chimique qui fut la plus longue controverse alimentaire de l'histoire des États-Unis ! Le progrès scientifique coexiste-t-il avec l'impuissance de la science dans un monde toxique ? Quelle peut être à chaque époque la capacité des États à gouverner les technosciences ? Quelles ont été les origines des demandes de régulation au sein de chaque société ? Florence Hachez-Leroy livre une réflexion importante sur un sujet d'une actualité brûlante. [n the 19th century, major innovations revolutionized food preservation; packaging materials and synthetic food additives were invented. However, these advances led to new threats to food, such as intoxication by new substances, or fraud to deceive the consumer. In the industrialized countries, public authorities and scientists engaged in a common struggle which led, after a long process, to regulation and to the creation, after 1945, of supranational organizations such as the FAO. At the crossroads of food culture and toxicology, this book tells us about food safety through many emblematic and fascinating cases such as the gradual arrival of dyes, the development of the use of cellophane, or the use of aluminum in baking powder, which was the longest food controversy in the history of the United States! Does scientific progress coexist with the powerlessness of science in a toxic world? What can be the capacity of states to govern technoscience in each era? What were the origins of the demands for regulation within each society? Florence Hachez-Leroy delivers an important reflection on a subject of burning relevance.]

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Authors & Contributors
Besky, Sarah
Wilkinson, Susan
Chen, Xinxing
Denesuk, Matthew
Zachmann, Karin
Williams, Amrys O.
Journals
Ziran Kexueshi Yanjiu (Studies in the History of Natural Sciences)
Technology and Culture
Social Studies of Science
NTM: Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Naturwissenschaften, Technik und Medizin
Journal of Food Science
Journal of American History
Publishers
Taiwan shehui yanjiu Congkan
University of California Press
Reaktion Books
Oxford University Press
I. B. Tauris
Berghahn Books
Concepts
Food safety
Food industry and trade
Food preservation
Food and foods
Food science; food technology
Agriculture
People
Sinclair, Upton Beall
Time Periods
21st century
20th century, late
19th century
20th century
20th century, early
Tang dynasty (China, 618-907)
Places
United States
Europe
China
Great Britain
South Asia
England
Institutions
United States. Food and Drug Administration (USFDA)
Smithsonian Institution
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