Article ID: CBB923152324

Healing Animals in an Antibiotic Age: Veterinary Drugs and the Professionalism Crisis, 1945–1970 (July 2017)


Between 1945 and 1970, the introduction of antibiotics in agriculture forced veterinarians to articulate the boundaries of their professional identity. While veterinarians welcomed the new aid to arrest infectious diseases of livestock, they worried as farmers took animal healing into their own hands without veterinary supervision, and resented the competition from retail outlets that sold the drugs. Veterinary antibiotics also set off heated debates within the field about whether the profession should position itself as preventers or healers of disease, debates that were akin to the kinds of professional discourses among physicians and pharmacists in the same period. By calling attention to the social context that helped facilitate an increasing reliance on the veterinary antibiotics, this article helps explain the sources of present-day overuse of such antibiotics in American agriculture.

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Authors & Contributors
Watkins, Elizabeth Siegel
Dolan, Brian
Blanc, Paul
Slaton, Amy E.
Jones, Susan D.
Smith-Howard, Kendra
Medicina nei secoli
Engineering Studies
Technology and Culture
History and Technology
Agricultural History
Endeavour: Review of the Progress of Science
Johns Hopkins University Press
University of Chicago Press
Lexington Books
University of Michigan
University of California, San Francisco
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MIT
Veterinary medicine
Public health
Professional qualifications; status; remuneration
Carver, George Washington
Soderberg, Carl Richard
United States
Iowa (U.S.)
Great Britain
New York (U.S.)
20th century
21st century
19th century
18th century
17th century
Iowa State College, Ames
Chalmers tekniska högskola (Göteborg)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MIT
St. John's University (New York)
Emory University

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