Article ID: CBB907079027

The Impact of Lamarck’s Theory of Evolution Before Darwin’s Theory (2017)


This paper analyzes the impact that Lamarckian evolutionary theory had in the scientific community during the period between the advent of Zoological Philosophy and the publication Origin of Species. During these 50 years Lamarck’s model was a well known theory and it was discussed by the scientific community as a hypothesis to explain the changing nature of the fossil record throughout the history of Earth. Lamarck’s transmutation theory established the foundation of an evolutionary model introducing a new way to research in nature. Darwin’s selectionist theory was proposed in 1859 to explain the origin of species within this epistemological process. In this context, Charles Lyell’s Principles of Geology and Auguste Comte’s Cours de Philosophie Positive appear as two major works for the dissemination of Lamarck’s evolutionary ideology after the death of the French naturalist in 1829.

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Authors & Contributors
Loison, Laurent
Ternes, José
Myers, Erin A.
Gillott, David
Merlin, Francesca
Burkhardt, Richard W. , Jr.
Asclepio: Archivo Iberoamericano de Historia de la Medicina
Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science
Science and Education
Perspectives in Biology and Medicine
Pensée: Recherches Marxistes, Sciences, Société, Philosophie
Journal of the History of Sexuality
Études Vivantes
Indiana University
Natural selection
Lamarck, Jean Baptiste Antoine Pierre de Monet de
Darwin, Charles Robert
Buffon, Georges Louis Leclerc de
Lysenko, Trofim Denisovich
Boulding, Kenneth Ewart
Wilson, Edmund Beecher
Time Periods
19th century
20th century
18th century
20th century, late
20th century, early
21st century
Soviet Union
Great Britain
Institute for the History of Science and Technology, University of Paris

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