Article ID: CBB904242909

The Zoological Museum of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences, 1860s–1910: From an Academic Institute to a Public Museum (2018)

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This article examines the change in public access of the Zoological Museum of the Imperial St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences from the second half of the 19th to the early 20th century. During this period, the Zoological Museum was transformed from an institution devoted to research to a large scientific and popular educational center. Discussions about expanding public access to the Zoological Museum began in the 1860s as part of the implementation of liberal-democratic reforms in Russia. The Museum did not immediately respond to the new social setting because its managers considered scientific research the priority. Nevertheless, they did take some steps towards meeting the needs of the public in the 1860s and still more effective changes in the Museum's activities in the early 1890s. The rise in public interest in the natural sciences and the creation of large museums of natural history in Europe stimulated the government and the management of the Academy of Sciences to create a public zoological museum in St. Petersburg. The Zoological Museum was given a new building, significant additional funding, and new regulations, which defined its scientific and popular educational functions as equally important. Because of these measures, the Zoological Museum could function not only as a research institute, but also as a public museum by the early 20th century.

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Article Marianne Klemun; Marina Loskutova; Anastasia Fedotova (2018) Skulls and Blossoms: Collecting and the Meaning of Scientific Objects as Resources from the 18th to the 20th Century. Centaurus: International Magazine of the History of Mathematics, Science, and Technology (pp. 231-237). unapi

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Authors & Contributors
Lesser, Thomas A.
Davey, Colin
Roosevelt, Kermit, III
Sease, Kasey Marie
Turner, Steven
Krivonosov, Yu. I.
Journals
VIET: Voprosy Istorii Estestvoznaniia i Tekhniki
Istoriko-Biologicheskie Issledovaniia
Mitteilungen der Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker, Fachgruppe Geschichte der Chemie
Science in Context
Journal of the History of Collections
Publishers
Nauka
Empire State Editions - Fordham University Press
University of California, Davis
The College of William and Mary
Smithsonian Books
Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences
Concepts
Societies; institutions; academies
Museums
Science and society
Natural history
Zoology
Chemistry
People
Pallas, Peter Simon
Beilstein, Friedrich Konrad
Jesup, Morris K.
Green, Andrew Haswell
Tweed, William Marcy
Futter, Ellen
Time Periods
19th century
20th century, early
18th century
20th century
21st century
Places
St. Petersburg (Russia)
Russia
United States
England
New York City (New York, U.S.)
Netherlands
Institutions
St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences
American Museum of Natural History
Fitzwilliam Museum
Sankt-Peterburgskii Akademia Nauk
Natural History Museum (London, England)
Rossiiskaia Akademiia Nauk
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