Article ID: CBB899140218

Optimizing and Normalizing the Population Through Hormone Therapies in Italian Science, c. 1926–1950 (2020)

unapi

This essay explores how hormone treatments were used to optimize and normalize individuals under Italian Fascism. It does so by taking the activities of the Biotypological Orthogenetic Institute − an Italian eugenics and endocrinological centre founded by Nicola Pende in 1926 − as the prime example of a version of eugenics, biotypology, which was based on hormone therapies. This essay first demonstrates that Italian Fascist biopolitics was not only concerned with increasing the size of the Italian population, but also with improving its quality. It suggests that under the Italian Fascist regime hormone therapies became eugenic tools of intervention to improve the Italian race. Second, while Pende's institute purportedly enhanced men and women, its activities show the extent to which the ‘techniques of normalization’ pursued by the Fascist regime were both systematic and invasive.

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Authors & Contributors
Piccolino, Marco
Maiocchi, Roberto
Vallejo, Gustavo
Reggiani, Andrés Horacio
Giacomo Zanibelli
Levi, Fabio
Journals
Medicina nei Secoli - Arte e Scienza
Asclepio: Archivo Iberoamericano de Historia de la Medicina
Hispanic American Historical Review
Physis: Rivista Internazionale di Storia della Scienza
Isis: International Review Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences
History of the Human Sciences
Publishers
Edizioni ETS
La Nuova Italia
Edizioni dell'Orso
Cierre edizioni
Indiana University
Aracne
Concepts
Fascism
Science and society
Science and politics
Jews
Medicine
Eugenics
People
Levi, Giuseppe
Levi-Montalcini, Rita
Mario Francesco Canella
Time Periods
20th century
20th century, early
19th century
Places
Italy
Argentina
Turin (Italy)
Genoa (Italy)
Brazil
France
Institutions
Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research
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