Article ID: CBB888213703

Scandals, Ethics, and Regulatory Change in Biomedical Research (July 2017)


This paper explores how a particular form of regulation—prior ethical review of research—developed over time in a specific context, testing the claims of standard explanations for such change (which center on the role of exogenous shocks in the form of research scandals) against more recent theoretical approaches to institutional changes, which emphasize the role of gradual change. To makes its case, this paper draws on archival and interview material focusing on the research ethics review system in the UK National Health Service. Key insights center on the minimal role scandals play in shaping changes in this regulatory setting and how these depend upon the absence of a single coherent profession (and accompanying social contract) associated with biomedical research.

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Authors & Contributors
Seaton, Andrew
Ortolano, Guy
Begley, Philip
Sheard, Sally
Darling, Katherine Weatherford
Boyce, Angie M.
Science, Technology and Human Values
Social Studies of Science
Bulletin of the History of Medicine
Business History Review
East Asian Science, Technology and Society: An International Journal
IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
New York University
Pen and Sword
Columbia Business School Publishing
I. B. Tauris
Cambridge University Press
Technoscience; science and technology studies
Medicine and society
Medical research
Public health
Hwang, Woo-suk
Bevin, Aneurin
Great Britain
United States
21st century
20th century
20th century, late
18th century
19th century
National Health Service (Great Britain)
UK Stem Cell Bank

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