Article ID: CBB882020675

The Banks and Solander Collections—a Benchmark for Understanding the New Zealand Flora (2012)


About 350 species of New Zealand vascular plants were collected by Joseph Banks and Daniel Solander during Cook's Endeavour voyage in 1769. Although the botanical results of the expedition were never published, the collections provide a vital benchmark for understanding the New Zealand flora. European colonisation resulted in massive changes, with plant introductions from all over the world. Just 240 years after the voyage, the number of naturalised plants exceeds that of natives. The Endeavour collections provide a verifiable record of plants growing in New Zealand before European settlement. These are assumed to be indigenous, except for a few species brought by Polynesian migration. Today the specimens continue to influence taxonomic research, and are admired by herbarium visitors as a tangible connection with Cook's visit.

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Authors & Contributors
Gill, B. J.
Chacko, Xan Sarah
Robin JH Clark
T. Z. Robinson
Steve A. Trewick
Priscilla M. Wehi
Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand
Records of the Auckland Museum
Archives of Natural History
Molecular Ecology
Revue d'Histoire des Sciences
British Pteridological Society
University of Washington Press
Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Natural history
Collectors and collecting
Cook, James
Banks, Joseph
Léveillé, Hector
Pool, Mary
Buddle, Geoffrey Armstrong
McCann, Charles
Time Periods
19th century
20th century, early
20th century
18th century
Early modern
17th century
New Zealand
Istanbul (Turkey)
London Missionary Society
United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Royal Society of London
Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh

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