Article ID: CBB860870515

La profilassi diretta e indiretta delle infezioni degli equini nella Prima guerra mondiale (2021)

unapi

During the First World War, safeguarding the health of livestock, especially horses, required a great effort from the Veterinary Section of the Military Health Service. Pharmaceutical remedies were old and insufficient. The most used products were disinfectants for the hygiene of shelters and animals’ skin. There were two novelties: the application of the first animal protection rules, according to Law 611, June 12, 1913; and the indirect prophylaxis with vaccines and serums. This last averted the spread of epidemics of infectious diseases such as sarcoptic mange and glanders. In particular, human contagion of glanders was avoided thanks to the use of the malleinization method. Fundamental was the work of the bacteriology laboratories and the far-sighted work of some veterinarians. For the first time they saved the lives of sick animals by placing them in isolation areas where they could continue to work in the fields and produce serums. As some data show, the serums and vaccines produced by the bacteriological laboratories existing in Italy were distributed not only to the Army but also to the farms of the Kingdom’s provinces.

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Authors & Contributors
Corvi, Antonio
Gilfoyle, Daniel
Weidenhöfer, Veronika
Heide, Martin
Peters, Joris
Eisenstein, Herbert
Journals
Atti e Memorie, Rivista di Storia della Farmacia
Medicina nei secoli
Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
Sudhoffs Archiv: Zeitschrift fuer Wissenschaftsgeschichte
Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Arabisch-Islamischen Wissenschaften
Health and History
Publishers
SISMEL edizioni del Galluzzo
Olschki
Purdue University Press
Franco Angeli
Concepts
Veterinary medicine
Medicine
Animal diseases
Public health
Pharmacy
Horses
People
Teodorico Borgognoni
Galli, Arturo
Corti, Bonaventura
Robert John Stordy
Places
Italy
South Africa
Middle and Near East
England
France
Australia
Times
20th century, early
19th century
Medieval
13th century
18th century
Ancient
Institutions
Bursa li (Turkey)
Red Cross Societies
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