Chapter ID: CBB856218181

The Antireligious Museum: Soviet Heterotopia between Transcending and Remembering Religious Heritage (2016)

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During the years following the establishment of the Soviet Union Bolsheviks, efforts to eradicate religion highlighted the old cults, against which the atheist heroes and the supremacy of the secular worldview shone all the more brightly. Institutions that preserved religion even as they were devoted to destroying it—the so-called antireligious museums, also known as ‘Museums of Atheism’—were characteristic landmarks in every major city of the USSR until the late 1980s. Using the case of the Museums of Atheism, this chapter assesses the specific transformation of belief imposed by state-sponsored atheism in the broader transnational context of religious reinforcement and dislocation of belief during the last decades of the twentieth century.

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Book Paul Betts; Stephen A. Smith (2016) Science, Religion and Communism in Cold War Europe. unapi

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Authors & Contributors
Lustig, Abigail J.
Paylor, Suzanne
Hecht, Jennifer Michael
Bowler, Peter J.
Etkind, Alexander
Froese, Paul
Journals
Endeavour: Review of the Progress of Science
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Russian History
Russian Studies in History
Russian Review
Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte
Publishers
Columbia University Press
University of California Press
University of California, San Diego
Oxford University Press
Johns Hopkins University Press
Concepts
Science and religion
Atheism; agnosticism; irreligion
Controversies and disputes
Evolution
Science and politics
Religious beliefs
People
Huxley, Julian Sorell
Müller, Hermann Joseph
Ivanov, Il'ia Ivanovich
Freud, Sigmund
Jung, Carl Gustav
Rank, Otto
Time Periods
20th century
19th century
20th century, early
20th century, late
Places
Soviet Union
United States
France
Russia
Germany
Great Britain
Institutions
American Museum of Natural History, New York
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