Article ID: CBB850702172

Chinese Theoretical Physicists in Dubna ̶A Case Study of Zhou Guangzhao (2021)


Upon the founding of the People's Republic of China (PRC), China adopted a foreign policy of “one-sidedness,” aligning with the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) in the context of the cold war in support of socialism. In the 1950s, China actively sought assistance from the Soviet Union in support of the Chinese economy, science and technology, culture, and military. The government also sent students and scientists to participate in international cooperative efforts. While took part in the scientific work of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) in the 1950s and the 1960s cultivating a group of talents majored on nuclear and particle physics. Upon their return to China, those scientists played a crucial role in the development of nuclear weapons, the construction of accelerators, and the advancement of theoretical physics in China. Based on Chinese and Russian archives and other publications, this paper selected Zhou Guangzhao 周光召 (1929‒), a theoretical physicist who worked at the JINR from 1957 to 1961, as the subject of a case study to discuss his theoretical physics research at the JINR as well as his contribution after returning to China. In addition, this paper attempted to analyze how his work experience in the JINR influenced his later work.

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Authors & Contributors
Turchetti, Simone
Kolenovska, Daniela
Susan Colbourn
Hecker, Siegfried S.
Elisabeth Roehrlich
Ichikawa, Hiroshi
Osiris: A Research Journal Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences
Journal of Contemporary History
Cold War History
Notes and Records: The Royal Society Journal of the History of Science
History and Technology
Springer Nature
Bathtub Row Press
Yale University Press
Stanford University Press
Johns Hopkins University Press
Cornell University Press
Cold War
Nuclear weapons; atomic weapons
International cooperation
Science and politics
Foreign relations; diplomacy
Technology and politics
Time Periods
20th century, late
20th century
21st century
Soviet Union
United States
People's Republic of China
Great Britain
Nuclear Test Ban Treaty; Partial Test Ban Treaty; Limited Test Ban Treaty (1963)
Royal Society (Great Britain). European Science Exchange Programme
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
International Geophysical Year (IGY)
Akademiia Nauk SSSR

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