Article ID: CBB844307486

Nuclear twins: French-South African strategic cooperation (1964–79) (2021)


This article sheds light on the French strategic nuclear assistance to South Africa between 1964 and 1979 based on untapped primary sources from both countries. It documents a vast cooperation between France and South Africa from nuclear and military technology to tacit knowledge. It shows that, contrary to common assumptions, this nuclear cooperation was not unidirectional but benefited the nuclear programs of both countries. It also argues that French leaders were fully aware of the risks of proliferation. The article draws conclusions on how to redefine nuclear assistance and write global Cold War history so as not to keep such cooperations invisible.

Associated with

Article Benoît Pelopidas; Sébastien Philippe (2021) Unfit for purpose: Reassessing the development and deployment of French nuclear weapons (1956–1974). Cold War History (pp. 243-260). unapi

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Authors & Contributors
Mateos, Gisela
Suárez-Díaz, Edna
Lorenzo Delgado Gómez-Escalonilla
Sánchez Sánchez, Esther M.
Cooper, Austin R.
Leonardo Bandarra
History and Technology
Cold War History
Osiris: A Research Journal Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences
International History Review
Diplomatic History
University of Nebraska Press
University of Chicago Press
Nuée Bleue
European Association for the History of Medicine and Health Publications
Edições Colibri
Nuclear power; atomic energy
International cooperation
International relations
Cold War
Technical assistance
Helmut Schmidt
Heath, Edward Richard George, Sir
Time Periods
20th century
20th century, late
21st century
20th century, early
19th century
United States
Great Britain
South Africa
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
CENTO Nuclear Institute
Université de Strasbourg
League of Nations
United Nations
Rockefeller Foundation

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